Garden of Eden

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SERIES CONTENT

"FOR THE EYES OF YOUR UNDERSTANDING"

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Introduction

Foreshadows

Volume 1 - THE BEGINNING - A Foreshadow of the Christian's Birth

Volume 2 - NEW BEGINNING AND NEW WORLD ENVIRONMENT

Volume 3 - JOSEPH, EPHRAIM AND MANASSEH - A Foreshadow of God's Agenda for Jew and Gentile

Volume 4  - CROSSING THE JORDAN RIVER - A Foreshadow of Salvation for Jew and Gentile

Volume 5 - THE BOOK OF REVELATION - God's Agenda for the End Time

Volume 6- THE SEVEN LETTERS TO THE SEVEN CHURCHES

Volume 7  - CHRIST IN THE TABERNACLE - A Foreshadow of Redemption

 

Volume 1 Contents

Chapter 1 - Adam's Creation

The Creation Of Man
Eve Taken From Adam
Man Needs A Counterpart

The Bride Of Christ

What Happen In The Garden?
Sin Nature Of Man
Man's Responsibility To God
God's Commandment To Adam
Man's Pre-Fall Nature
Man's Post Fall Nature
The Gap Theory
Carbon 14 Dating Method
Dividing Of The Waters

Earth Changes After The Flood

Origin Of Weather

Earth's Volume of Water Never Changes
Second Heaven and Earth
Canopy Over New Jerusalem

Chapter 5 - Summary

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The Hal Lindsey Report - Today's watchman.

Prophecy Central - Topics with relevant Scripture References, Current Events and Links, and an excerpt from The Prophecy Puzzle.

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© 1999 Donald P. Moss

Volume 1

The Garden of Eden - Adam's Creation and His Spiritual and Physical Environments

 

Preface

Ninety seven percent of all people believe there's life after death and believe in God. Within each person there is something that reveals their life in this world is not the end of life. Why? God created each of us to be incomplete apart from Him. But, not all believe the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob is the one true God. There are numerous false gods, formed by the vain imaginations and philosophies of men. Many books are written to promote these false gods. Books written to increase the number of believers in their respective religions. Which book has the real truth about God? The answer to this question is seen in the prophetic content of each book. Prophecy and fulfillment of prophecy at specific times cannot be written by any man. Only the one true God can do this. Only the one true God knows the future. The Bible is the only book of prophecy that reveals the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob as the one true God. The following study establishes God as Creator of all things, including each person, believer and unbeliever.

Introduction

When God created the earth He formed it to be inhabited by a very unique life form, a freewill intellectual being capable of rational reasoning; judging between two or more points-of-view and the power to choose life's direction.

"Will" (Random House College Dictionary) - The faculty of conscious and particularly of deliberate action; the power of control the mind has over its own actions: the freedom of the will.

The will of man is his conscious desire to do what he knows is the right thing to do. His will is power to control the actions of his mind. Jesus, as the Son of man, when faced with enduring death on the cross, was facing a pivotal moment in His decision to do the will of God. This occurred in the Garden of Gethsemane as He began to suffer through this decision - Luke 22:42-43 (KJV) - Saying, Father, if thou be willing, remove this cup from me: nevertheless not my will, but thine, be done. (43) And there appeared an angel unto him from heaven, strengthening him. Even as it was for Jesus, so it is with everyone who believes in Him and follows Him. None of us desires to drink from the cup Jesus drank, but it is not our will to be done, it's His will that we will do - Mark 3:35 (KJV) - For whosoever shall do the will of God, the same is my brother, and my sister, and mother. The will of God is the will of Christ Jesus and it is the will of those who are in the family of God. To do His will guides us in the choices we make concerning life's issues. Then we will have the mind of Christ. The Holy Spirit that indwells us will strengthen us to do His will, even as angels strengthen Jesus the moment He chose to do the will of God.

God created man with a freewill. God cannot force man to do anything, else He would violate His own creative design for man. Man must choose which god he will follow and choose between right and wrong for his life. Why did God think it worthwhile to create this freewill eternal life form? What is man's purpose?

Many today, as they live and work do not have a true perspective and understanding of their existence. Eventually most men and women would like to know their true God given purpose. "Why was I born?" "What is my purpose in life?" This study will enlighten you and open your eyes to reveal your true purpose in life. Answering this question will provide one with direction and a new hope for his future.

To find the answers to these questions each person needs to understand God's work in the beginning. There are five points of interest, concerning the beginning of man's creation, which will be explored in this study, (1) Why God created man (2) Characteristics of man before Adam's sin and (3) Characteristics of man after Adam's fall (4) Adam's spiritual environment and (5) Adam's earthly physically environment. There are many other lessons that can be taught from the book of Genesis, but these five are most important in forming a big picture of the beginning.  

To understand who we are today, we must understand what happened in the fall of man. To understand the person we should become, we must understand who Adam was before the fall and God's purpose for creating him. The work of God prior to Adam's fall will reveal the fundamental things God established as life's standards for His created man and provides a picture of man supernaturally transformed by faith in God through the Holy Bible.

Because of the great amount of interest concerning evolution and earth science and in order to demonstrate harmony between science and the Bible, an in-depth look concerning original environmental science is included in the last part of this study in chapter four. Additionally, by studying the Genesis' account of science of the earth prior to Noah's flood will provide a glimpse of the final eternal environment after the millennium reign of Christ when God creates a new heaven and earth where all Christians will live forever with the Lord.

  Chapter 1  

ADAM'S CREATION

 

As previously mentioned in the Series Introduction, the scripture in Ephesians 1:4 (NIV) - For he chose us in him before the creation of the world to be holy and blameless in his sight". Therefore, "Chose us in him before the creation of the world" has a most profound meaning concerning God's intention for having created the world. This scripture states that God made a decision when He "chose us in Him", even before day one of creation. Therefore, this scripture was, is and will be the objective of God throughout the Bible. It is therefore prudent to use "For he chose us in him before the creation of the world" to form a framework (window) through which interpretations of the Bible should be made. This will keep this study in sync with the objective of God and therefore on course to reveal truth.

God's creative act of forming Adam from earth's elements and then imparting spiritual power to Adam to live eternally on the earth as a spiritual earthly being, metaphorically reflects God's purpose and objective for all of mankind. Seeing God's intention for creating man will awaken one's sense of reality and provide a sure footed perspective concerning his purpose for life. Once one understands the truth of man's purpose, his eyes will be opened to know God in a very special way. Likewise, he will see himself in a greater light of truth.

Genesis 1:24 - And God said, "Let the land produce living creatures according to their kinds; livestock, creatures that move along the ground, and wild animals, each according to its kind."

"Each according to its kind" - The sixth day of creation begins with God's first creating all land-based animals, according to its own kind. Meaning, each male kind of animal had a counterpart. The male and female of each kind was created at the same time. No animal was created to be alone in the earth.

Genesis 1: 26-27 (NIV) - Then God said, "Let us make man in our image, in our likeness, and let them rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, and over all the creatures that move along the ground." So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them. Adam was created to be like God, in His image, to be like His kind of being. God created Adam according to His kind. Adam was a freewilled supernatural spiritual creation of God.

Man was created superior to the other animals, as God appointed him to rule over the earth and all its creatures. Today, man does not have dominion over undomesticated animals except by brute force. How did Adam have dominion without physical dominance? Animals within their nature recognized Adam's authoritative presence. How? Because Adam was a spirit driven creature, and the animals are not. Animals instinctively respond to their environment and to other animals, but their instincts are not supernatural and they became submissive to Adam's spiritual presence.

When Adam sinned, he turned from God and descended immortality into a state of mortality and he became an unregenerate mortal spirit, as God said he would die if he ate the fruit from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. He lost the spiritual power to live eternally. He lost his spiritual preeminence. Afterwards the animals did not sense spiritual authoritative power in Adam. So, today fallen man does not have spiritual dominion. He only dominates by brute force and by his cunning wits.

Author's comments on preeminence (click here)

Adam was to live eternally in the garden and to have dominion because the Spirit of God has preeminence over all things that are associated with mortality and death. Prior to his fall, Adam was an immortal! Adam fell into mortality when He became self-centered by disobedience to God's command.

God created man in his own image, in His likeness. As God is, man was created in that likeness. Adam was not exactly like God because God is not flesh. Adam was like God because he was filled with the Spirit of God and had a divine nature which mirrored God. He was born of God. God's Spirit in-dwelt Adam and God was his source of eternal life. Adam's flesh had no ability to live eternally until God imparted His Spirit into him. Apart from God's Spirit, man is mortal!

When one looks at the biblical creation of man, he can gain insight to the very heart of God because God created Adam according to His kind, meaning God desired to have family offspring in His likeness.

But, Adam and Eve sinned by turning away from God and yielded to the temptation of choosing their own way in life and they lost dominion of the earth. They disobeyed God's command. As a result of their disobedience, they severed the spiritual life line to God, their breath of life. Although they did not die instantly, they did die because they became mortals. Therefore, restoration of the spiritual life line to God is then required before God can have offspring according to His kind. So, God provides a way for them to atone for their sin of disobedience by the blood of animal sacrifices. Blood sacrifices would be in effect until the day God will remit or pay their sin debt in full by His own blood.  

Adam and Eve lost divine power to live eternally because they turned inward, away from God to self-will and selfish desires. They abandoned their will to do God's will. Their spiritual state changed because they bought into the lie of satan concerning partaking of the fruit of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. Satan said "surely you will not die!"

Genesis 3:4 (KJV) - And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die. Satan is the spiritual adversary to God's Word and man must choose who he will believe and follow.

Why did Adam and Eve believe satan? They believed satan's lie because they thought they could gain the wisdom of God and still live, even though God said death was imminent. Believing they would be wise like God was a form of self exaltation to be equal to God. Unwittingly, they turned inward and their rational reasoning became self-serving, influenced by satan's temptation. Their thinking was skewed from God's truth. This event sealed all their descendants with a self-centered mortal nature which is not a part of the original creation of God. Self-centerness was birthed in Adam and Eve through the skewed use of their senses.

It is prudent to recognize the deception of the voice in the garden of life which says man can disobey God's instructions and not die. This is a non-audible voice that if heeded will lead man astray from the will of God for his life. This non-audible voice is the primary rationale feeding man's reasoning faculties for setting his own course and living life according to selfish desires. It is the birth place for sin.

The Hebrew root word for sin is #2398 chata' (khaw-taw'); a primitive root; properly, to miss. Sin means we will our mortal freewill will choices will cause us to miss God's purpose for our life if God does not intervene. We will miss our destination, we will miss knowing Him intimately, we will miss being His offspring and we will miss the power to live eternally. Self-centerness causes us to turn away from God and miss all that He spiritually provides.

God purposed us to be His spiritual offspring, becoming the heirs of His estate and His riches. Sin is an offense to God because it causes spiritual separation between Him and His created man. But, our Creator's love never fails and His love includes provision for fallen man to return to Him. 

God foreknew Adam and Eve would disobey and die. So, God had predetermined a way for His freewill creation to reconnect to the breath of life and once again live eternally with Him.

Isaiah 53:10 (NIV) - Yet it was the LORD's will to crush him and cause him to suffer, and though the LORD makes his life a guilt offering, he will see his offspring and prolong his days, and the will of the LORD will prosper in his hand.

God's will is for man is to return to the breath of life through Jesus, as His life is a blood offering for man's sin of turning away from God. Jesus' sacrificial blood reconciles the believer to God. Roman's 6:22-23 (NIV) - For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord. The blood of Christ is shed for the forgiveness of sin and the Way back to eternal life is made available by God. When man repents (turns back to God) and by faith in the death and resurrection of Jesus, God reconciles the believer to Himself and he becomes a member in the family of God. It is through Christ Jesus that God reaches His objective of "us in Him". This scriptural phrase reveals the heart of God before He created Adam on the sixth day of creation. Before He created Adam, God decided that He would have a spiritual creation in Christ. Therefore, when God created Adam, "us in Him" was on the mind and in the heart of God.

In the Old Testament the birth of Jesus was prophesied by Isaiah in - Isaiah 7:14 (KJV) - Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.

"Immanuel" (Brown Driver & Briggs Hebrew Lexicon) #6005 'Immanuw'el = "God with us" or "with us is God"

In the New Testament Isaiah's prophecy was fulfilled in - Matthew 1:21-23 (KJV) - And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins. (22) Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, (23) Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.

Before Jesus' death on the cross, His was "God with Us". After His death on the cross, He was "God in us" - 1 John 4:12-13 (KJV) - No man hath seen God at any time. If we love one another, God dwelleth in us, and his love is perfected in us. (13) Hereby know we that we dwell in him, and he in us, because he hath given us of his Spirit. This is the miracle of salvation - God has breathed His Holy Spirit into us once again, even as He breathed His Spirit (breath of life) into Adam and Adam became a living soul. Through the cross God has saved us by the shedding of His own blood. Jesus was Emmanuel "God with us" and after His resurrection He is "God in us". God the Father, God the Holy Spirit and God the Son (Jesus) are one - the Triune Godhead. God shed His own blood on the cross to pay the sin debt of every man on the earth. God died that we may live (overcome death and the grave)! Hallelujah!

As we study the account of creation, we should keep this understanding in mind.

Through Jesus' suffering during the crucifixion process (which began in the Garden of Gethsemane), He was made perfect as the author of man's salvation - Hebrews 2:10 (NIV) - In bringing many sons to glory, it was fitting that God, for whom and through whom everything exists, should make the author of their salvation perfect through suffering. Those who return to God through Christ will become the offspring of God and God's will for mankind will prosper in the hand of Christ.

This is the most basic understanding of God's truth for mankind. To hear God's truth; accept the atonement covering of Christ's blood as a guilt offering for his sin and by faith return to the breath of eternal life. Every precept of God in His Word is meant to accomplish this objective.

Jesus is God's answer! Why? Adam was a creation of God, but he was not a son of God, because he was not begotten of God. Adam disobeyed God and turn inward away from His Creator. Death entered Adam and he became a mortal being. All of Adam's descendants will also be mortals. But, Jesus was not a creation of God. He was begotten of God. He was His Son. When Jesus died for the sins committed by fallen mankind, it was God's blood that was shed for the redemption of each man. Death entered mankind through the created man, but eternal life is restored to mankind through the begotten Son. God was in Jesus and Jesus was in God. We who believe are in Christ and Christ is in us. Thus, we are in the Father thru the Son. We are sons of God and heirs of God to all the covenant promises of God. Then God has produced many sons "according to His kind". No other religious book can teach and lead a person to eternal life in the kingdom of heaven. This is our purpose for existing on the earth today! To know God's will by studying the Bible and then do His will so we can become adopted sons of God.

The Creation of Man

Genesis 2:7 (KJV) - And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life and man became a living soul.

"Formed" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #3335 yatsar (yaw-tsar'); probably identical with #3334 (through the squeezing into shape); to mold into a form; especially as a potter; figuratively, to determine (i.e. form a resolution).

God's forming of Adam from the elements of the earth was done to provide Adam with a physical and habitable earthly dwelling. A living organism composed and molded from elements of the earth and suitable for the indwelling Spirit of God. Man's purpose is to be a habitable dwelling for God.

Author's comments on Yatsar (click here)

Genesis 2:7 (Con't) "Man" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) - #120 'adam (aw-dawm'); from #119; ruddy, i.e. a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).

Use in KJV-- X another, + hypocrite, + common sort, X low, man (mean, of low degree), person.

#119 Adam (aw-dam'); to show blood (in the face).

Use in KJV-- be (dyed, made) red (ruddy).

The Hebrew word for Adam reveals the creation to be a physical / blood life form that gives him a ruddy (earthly) appearance. He was made lower than spiritual beings that do not have a ruddy appearance. Adam was a creation with emotional behavior and emotions affect his body. When stressed his blood pressure rises. When embarrassed his face turns rosy. Likewise, when he expresses love, his being (physical and spiritual) optimally functions. Emotions inspire passion. Passionate unselfish love energizes ministry of the Holy Spirit to others and to God. Unselfish love transcends the divide between death and eternal life. Unselfish love is the life line of God. The word Adam (aw-dam) reveals man to be an emotional blood faced earthly creation capable of loving others and God passionately.

Mankind was created a little lower than the angels. Likewise, when Christ descended to the earth and was born of a woman He was an incarnate being made lower than the angels, as He was fully a man. To pay the sin debt for man, He became a man. He descended into the place where mankind existed. He came into the earthly realm that He may ransom mankind from impending death. He tasted death on behalf of each man: Hebrews 2:9 (KJV) - But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man. The result of being separated from God is death. Jesus tasted death for every man so that man is cleansed of sin and by faith in Him every man can return to God and live eternally.

Genesis 2:7 (Con't) "Ground" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #127 'adamah (ad-aw-maw'); from #119; soil (from its general redness).

Use in KJV-- country, earth, ground, husband [-man] (-ry), land.

#119 Adam (aw-dam'); to show blood (in the face), i.e. flush or turn rosy:

It's interesting to see the word "ground" derived from the same word #119 Adam. Man and soil are common because man is made from earthly elements. His flesh and blood was created from the earthly realm because the Spirit required an earthly dwelling. When man dies his body will return to the ground, but his spirit survives beyond the death of the body.

Genesis 2:7 (Con't) "Breathed" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #5301 naphach (naw-fakh'); a primitive root; to puff; in various applications (literally, to inflate, blow hard, kindle).

Use in KJV-- blow, breath, give up

The use of the word "naphach" in this verse of scripture is concerned with breath coming out of God and into Adam. God imparted (gave up) Himself into Adam to complete the original creation of man.

Genesis 2:7 (Con't) "Breath of life" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #5397 neshamah (nesh-aw-maw'); a puff, i.e. wind, vital breath, divine inspiration, intellect.

Use in KJV-- blast, (that) breath (-eth), inspiration, soul, spirit.

God created Adam from the dust of the ground and breathed into him the vital breath of spiritual life. He became a living soul. This scripture reflects a very close and personal act of God as He breathed life into the nostrils of Adam. God was his source and power for eternal life. Adam cannot live eternally without this vital breath.

We should never believe eternal life is attainable apart from an intimate relationship with God. Man cannot in his own strength, own imagination, philosophical intellect and power obtain eternal life. Yet, most men today selfishly follow their own will and desires rather than become obedient and in submission to the only God who provides the breath of eternal life.

Adam was created in God's likeness because his Spirit was from God and of God. Adam was a spirit-driven creation. His physical nature follows the Spirit and was sustained by the Spirit. But, sin severed the life line between God and man's physical nature. Thus, death entered into Adam. However, restoration with God through Christ re-establishes this life line with the physical nature.

Genesis 2:7 (Con't) "Became a living soul" - Prior to God imparting the breath of life to Adam, Adam had a soul. But Adam's soul had no power to live eternally. When Adam sinned he turned from God and no longer could receive the breath of life. Eventually, Adam died. In other words, Adam became a mortal. He still had his soul, but no power to live eternally. Adam had a spirit because he is spirit driven, but his spirit became an unregenerate self-centered spirit.

Note: The author believes there will never be a time in man's life (now and eternally) when he is not spirit-driven, because the spirit has preeminence in life. Man cannot occupy a place where he is not driven by the Holy Spirit or mortal spirits of darkness. If there was a place where Adam could exist and not be driven by one spirit or the other, if so, he would be in a sovereign place of his own. He would then be a god. 

Man cannot occupy a sovereign place of his own. Man cannot be god, because he was not created that way. He must be empowered by the breath of God to live eternally. Man was created to have a close, personal relationship with his Creator. To be united as one with the Creator, God must continually impart the breath of life to each of His sons.

God's plan for man's return to a place of eternal life was established in the death and resurrection of Jesus. Our faith in Jesus as the Son of God reveals the way and our willingness to follow Him in this phase of our lives begins our path to obtain eternal life.

Christ will lead us through the afflictions and adversities that seek to destroy our faith in God's Word and God's promises. We are given a deposit of the Holy Spirit (breath of life) at the time of our salvation experience to empower us to stand and grow spiritually as we follow the Son of God. Through faith and obedience, our path and walk through life will be driven by the power of the Holy Spirit. This understanding is paramount to understanding our spiritual transformation. We cannot change who we are apart from the Holy Spirit residing in our souls. 

Note: The intellect of natural man should consider the reality of spiritual elements. Elements which empower man to be transformed into the eternal likeness of Christ and God. God foreknew the only way natural man's intellect could receive an understanding of Him was by knowledge of the truth of life. Therefore, He gave man the Word of God. There is no other place where man can obtain factual instructions from God. All other religious books fall short of the real truth of God.

James 1:16-18 (NIV) - Don't be deceived, my dear brothers. (17) Every good and perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of the heavenly lights, who does not change like shifting shadows. (18) He chose to give us birth through the word of truth that we might be a kind of firstfruits of all he created.

As a freewill creation of God, man must decide and choose to follow God. God designed a plan that employs man's ability to reason, to will and to choose. Through his will man chooses to be born again through faith in God's proclaimed truth. Even as Christ was the firstborn and firstfruit from among the dead, man will become firstfruits also. By faith man believes Christ died for his sins and by the resurrection of Christ man will also be raised to eternal life as firstfruits of God's creation.

The greatest sin is for any man is to live his life on this earth and miss the opportunity God has given him to be reborn (transformed) through the truth of God's Word.  

 

  Chapter 2

Creation of Eve

 

Adam was created and the Garden of Eden was prepared as the place in which he will reside. All that he requires for a complete life on the earth is there, EXCEPT ONE!!

Genesis 2:18 (NIV) - The Lord God said, "It is not good for the man to be alone. I will make a helper suitable for him."

God did not create Adam to be alone because he was created in the image of God. Adam was created to be bonded (emotionally and spiritually) to another being and to God. Since God is love, Adam was created to be a person who loves as God loves. God and Adam were united to one another through the power of the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit imparts God into Adam. Since through the Holy Spirit Adam was in the likeness of God, Adam also needed to be united to another. God created Adam to have this God like characteristic of imparting himself into another who is like him. Why?

Adam and EveGod is love and love requires a counterpart. Within the nature of God there's a desire to be bonded to another. Man was not created to be an island unto himself. He was created to be the counterpart of God in the earth. This is why God "chose us in him before the creation of the world" - Ephesians 1:4. How could love thrive or exist if there was no one to whom love could be expressed? Therefore, it was also good for Adam to have a counterpart in the earth. It would not be good if Adam had no "significant other" to love because love must be expressed.

Love is the nature of God and God also desires to have a counterpart in the earth. So, God "chose us in Him". God is preparing for Himself, a bride! This is God's ultimate objective! God is not rearing up a people who are robotic in their behavior with no emotional feelings for Him as their Creator. God is creating for Himself a bride, to which He makes expressions of love forever! Likewise, His bride will make expressions of love and praise forever! The story of creation is a story of God's love for His family.

Adam's environment on the earth must be conducive towards providing the necessary elements for the existence of love. Adam needs one to whom he could express love and from whom he could receive love.

Love's characteristic is one of free spontaneous expressions. Spontaneity means to love without rationale or reason because it's the Godly thing to do. Agape love is given without any conditions attached. Agape love goes forth freely, meaning it cannot be rationally justified before it is sent out to others. God's love is given without any boundary imposed by any type of rationale.

But, love can be easily inhibited. God did not create man in a manner where he can act one way toward his own kind (fellow man) and then act in a different way towards God. Man was created to love as God loves. He must love his wife and his fellow man the way God loves them. If Man attempts to love others in a different selfish manner, he will hinder his ability to love God. Man's love for others must be true if his love for God is to be true.

I John 4:20 (NIV) - If anyone says, "I love God," yet hates his brother, he is a liar. For anyone who does not love his brother, whom he has seen, cannot love God, whom he has not seen.

I John 2:9-11 (NIV) - Anyone who claims to be in the light but hates his brother is still in the darkness. (10) Whoever loves his brother lives in the light, and there is nothing in him to make him stumble. (11) But whoever hates his brother is in the darkness and walks around in the darkness; he does not know where he is going, because the darkness has blinded him.

I John 3:14 (NIV) - We know that we have passed from death to life, because we love our brothers. Anyone who does not love remains in death.

Man's love of others in the earthly realm must not be hindered by worldly matters or precepts. Love must be freely given to others expecting nothing in return. If so done, then God's love given him through the Holy Spirit will go out to others unhindered and in the power of God. Then, as he expresses love and praise to God, God knows man's heart is holy and untainted by worldly things.

John 5:41-42 (NIV) - "I do not accept praise from men, (42) but I know you. I know that you do not have the love of God in your hearts.

If man's praise to God is to be true praise that God accepts, it must come from a heart that is filled with love from God and love for God. This precept is paramount to walking in the grace and power of God. This is the realm of passion. Therefore, every child of God must pray that God will enable him to love his enemies and his neighbors. The body of Christ must walk in God's love in the earthly realm. Husbands must love their wives and their neighbors as Christ loves them and gave himself for their good.

God must also create for Adam one of his kind, a counterpart. With a counterpart Adam will have another to which he can make his most intimate expressions of love in the earthly realm. Ideally, out of unselfish love they will have offspring that will learn the way of unselfish love.

Eve Taken from Adam - a Single Act of Creation.

Genesis 2: 21-22 - So the Lord God caused the man to fall into a deep sleep; and while he was sleeping, he took one of the man's ribs and closed up the place with flesh. Then the Lord God made a woman from the rib he had taken out of the man, and he brought her to the man.

Eve was not created from the dust of the ground as was Adam. Else, she too would have been a separate creation. Adam and Eve are a single entity of creation. Eve was taken from Adam. god saw Eve in Adam before He took her from his side. Therefore, Adam and Eve are seen as one creation and in complete unity - Genesis 2:24 (KJV) - Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh. Therefore, they are equals in the eyes of God, but with separate responsibilities..

God has given man the responsibility of overseeing the welfare of his family. God has given woman the responsibility of nurturing and caring for the offspring of the family while her husband is performing his Godly duties.

Biologically speaking, a tread of unity was already in existence between Adam and Eve before God presented Eve to Adam. God place in Adam a biological need to be united to another of his kind. This is apparent because Adam's first recognition of Eve was to perceive her as his counterpart, as he spoke "bone of my bones, flesh of my flesh". God did not have to introduce Eve to Adam. Adam immediately knew Eve was his counterpart.

Genesis 2:22-23 (KJV) - And the rib, which the LORD God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man. (23) And Adam said, "This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man."

Note: The word "counterpart" will be used in this lesson because it has a most meaningful definition. "Counterpart" as defined in Random House College Dictionary means "a copy or duplicate", "one or two parts that fit complete or complement each other".

Why was Eve not made at the same time as Adam?

Unlike the other animals on the sixth day of creation, Adam was created without a counterpart. Why? Why did God wait before he made Eve? Why didn't God create Eve at the same time He created Adam, as He did with all the other living creatures and their counterparts? The answer to this question is revealed in the event that took place between Adam's creation and Eve's creation. It was necessary for Adam to realize something prior to being united to his counterpart.

Agape love is imparted to man from God.

When Adam was created, God created him in the image of love. The image of God is made real by the in-filling of God's love in Adam's soul. Likewise, God has poured out His love into our hearts by the Holy Spirit (Romans 5:5). God is the source of agape love, not man. If man had not been created in the image of God, he could not receive the love of God in his heart. Agape love and the Holy Spirit cannot be separated. The power of God is the agape love of God flowing through the hearts/souls of those who willingly choose to become children of God. God's love is omnipresent and will enter into the heart of the person who opens the door to God.

Jesus knock on doorRevelation 3:20 (NIV) - Here I am! I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in and eat with him, and he with me.

When love has a counterpart, then love is returned.

When love is returned, the gift of love is edified and the cycle of love is complete. Love is a cycle of unconditional giving and receiving between God and man or between husband and wife or two or more persons. Man without a counterpart is in a situation which is not good because love requires a counterpart, as God intended between man and woman! If man will unconditionally give of himself to another (wife, offspring and neighbor), then out of his nature of love, he is better able to will himself, unconditionally, to God and to love God continually! The relational bond between man and woman and between man and God are born out of agape love. Wholehearted relationships are based in agape love which, in its nature calls for one to give of himself for the good of another - a total, unselfish expression of love.

Ephesians 5:2 (NIV) - and live a life of love, just as Christ loved us and gave himself up for us as a fragrant offering and sacrifice to God.

The nature of agape love in Christ compelled Him to give Himself up for the church (His bride) because it was the nature of the Father. Thus, agape love of Christ calls for a counterpart (bride of Christ), to which selfless expressions of love can be expressed and experienced.

When we desire to know Christ, remember how much He loves us. This is why the crucifixion is referred to as the "Passion of Christ"

How did God put Adam in touch with his natural need for a counterpart?

Genesis 2: 19-20 (NIV) - Now the Lord God had formed out of the ground all the beasts of the field and all the birds of the air. He brought them to the man to see what he would name them; and whatever the man called each living creature, that was his name. So the man gave names to all the livestock, the birds of the air and all the beasts of the field. But for Adam no suitable helper was found.

Adam must realize that he was incomplete in his aloneness prior to God's formation of Eve. God wants Adam to experience what it's like to be alone, without a counterpart! Why?

As the animals passed in front of Adam, they came by in pairs of two. Before Adam finished naming all the animals he realized he was the only one without a counterpart. The animals were in pairs of two (male and female). But, he found no suitable helper for himself. "But" implies Adam realized he was unlike the other animals. He was different because he was alone. Deep within Adam's nature he perceived his aloneness in the earth as he compared himself to the other animals. Then he was in touch with his incompleteness as a creation of God. Keep in mind that Adam at this point in time had not yet sin. His consciousness transcended the flesh or carnal realm. So, his reaction was out of his perfect spiritual nature of agape love, not out of a selfish perception. Additionally, there was also a biological element of desiring a female that was quickened when he experienced being alone.

God used this act of naming the animals to stir Adam's nature and awaken his natural desire to have a counterpart. Surely, Adam must have looked at God with a puzzled look on his face because of the emotional incompleteness that was awakened deep within his nature. Realizing he was alone caused Adam to deal with this void in his inner man. There's a void because Adam, who was the image of God's love innately desired a counterpart, but he was alone. So, God responds to his point-of-need because God is his Provider for all things he needed.

Since Adam was created to love, he must first become conscious of his need to be united with another through love. When Adam realized he was alone in the earth, then he was willing to give himself to his counterpart and to love her. To "give of himself" was the vital key for him to actualize bonding to Eve. The bond of love began as an act of Adam's will and was manifested through His unselfish, emotional expressions.

The need to love and to be in union with a counterpart is built into man. It is a biological and a spiritual characteristic of man and must be fulfilled so man can experience his full spiritual potential as a creation of God in this dimension of earthly life as a procreator. First, Adam had a relationship with God and was filled with the Spirit of God. Then after Adam realized he was alone in the earth without a counterpart, he was stirred in his inmost being and was ready to receive his bride.

Man can yoke himself to another and meet the physical aspects of loneliness. But the spiritual aspects of loneliness can only be met by God's provision. To be yoked to another person physically without a spiritual relationship with God is to remain alone. Only through agape love can man love his wife like God loves the church and unselfishly give himself to her. Even their sexual attractiveness towards each other transcended the physical realm. The desire for physical intimancy was never self-centered, rather directed at expressing love towards each other.

First, there was God, then there was Adam and the two knew each other before Adam was ready to receive his bride. This is God's way! Man should first have a relationship with God and then God will bring him a mate.

To take a spouse without a personal relationship with God will work to a degree. But for the relationship to reach its full potential, husband and wife must be filled with the Spirit of God. God must be involved. Remember, God created mankind to be His bride. Therefore, man should love his wife as Christ loved the church, then he can be a viable part of the bride of Christ.

The Holy Spirit conveyed Adam's incompleteness to God. God was moved! At this moment in time God and Adam were kindred in Spirit. Then Adam was ready to receive his bride.

To some the idea of Adam and God being kindred in spirit over the desire or need to have a counterpart in the earth is abstract thought. But, when one considers the idea that agape love calls for a counterpart; plus the fact that God is the source of agape love and the biblical presupposition "He chose us in Him before the creation of the world", then one can see Adam and God's being kindred in spirit over their brides. God will create a bride for Adam and at a later time God will create a bride for Himself through Christ.

Adam and Eve was the bride of God prior to sin because they were filled with the Holy Spirit. But, God knew they would yield to the temptation to disobey His command. So, God had a plan to redeem and restore His creation and in a future time He would have a marriage supper for His bride. Revelation 19:9 (NIV) - And he saith unto me, Write, Blessed are they which are called unto the marriage supper of the Lamb. And he saith unto me, These are the true sayings of God.

God wanted Adam to be kindred to Him concerning this matter of needing a counterpart. Why? Adam was given the responsibility of representing God to Adam's family and Adam's family to God. Adam was God's interceding man in the earth. Adam will be God's role model for the offspring of his family. This was a position of priesthood or headship.

Today's Christian male needs to have a proper perspective of priesthood responsibility in his relationship with God and in his relationship with his future wife. Only then is the male prepared to receive his mate and begin his family. God intends each family to have a husband / father who has a relationship with HIm, where the husband / father looks to God and trusts God for all his needs. Then he is ready to occupy the position of priest overseeing his bride and their offspring.

The Godly position of priesthood in the family is given to man. The man who fills this position is to represent Christ to each member of the family. When the wife or the children in the family look upon this man, they should see Christ in him. As he fulfills his responsibility, he should follow after Christ's example given to mankind.

John 14:9 (NIV) - Jesus answered: "Don't you know me, Philip, even after I have been among you such a long time? Anyone who has seen me has seen the Father. How can you say, 'Show us the Father'? In this scripture when Philip looked upon Christ, he should have seen the Father. In the same way, when the wife and children of a family look upon the husband/father, they should see his relationship with Christ.

How could Adam possibly realize all these attributes in his relationship with God when God never discussed them with Adam word for word? Because the spiritual attributes of Adam's priestly position over Eve and their offspring are inherent in agape love. Priestly caring is love. It's not something that needs to be taught to Adam. It was from God. Remember that the nature of agape love in Adam was to offer himself up for the good of others. It does not have to be discussed. It was ordained by the nature of God. The nature of agape love was to oversee the spiritual and emotional welfare of those loved.

Ephesians 5:25-26 (NIV) - Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her.

An example of Adam's position of priest over Eve is seen in the Bible when Eve was the first to eat of the fruit of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, then she gave some of the fruit to Adam and he did eat. He was there observing Eve's actions and did not stand against her act of disobedience to God's command. Therefore, Adam was acting in disobedience through his unwillingness and failure to advise Eve correctly. Adam failed in his priestly duty to God and to Eve. Therefore, a part of Adam's sin occurred prior to his eating the fruit of the tree. Adam taught Eve concerning God's command to not eat from the tree of knowledge of good and evil. Adam was in a place designated by God to be a covering for Eve, a priestly covering, which oversees her welfare, including obedience to God's command. Otherwise, Adam would not have been held accountable for Eve's disobedience. The Bible refers to the fall of Adam, not the fall of Eve. Further still, Adam's sin was passed on to their offspring for all generations to come. Adam is responsible to God as overseer of his family. Adam was the spiritual covering for his wife and their offspring because God intends that every person born on the earth be spiritually covered by a father, even as God is the Father of all. There will never be a time when God acts in the earth apart from a man. The earth was created for man and God gave him dominion. The earth was ruled by Adam. When Adam fell, he gave his kingship (ruling authority) over to satan. At a later time, another man (Christ Jesus) will save mankind and return dominion back to man. God has always had a man in the earth through which he worked, because the earth was created for man. God will not violate this precept. It is important for all men to understand this precept because it clarifies God's will for him. God has chosen man to represent Him in the earth.

Note: Today, all the ills of our world society is attributable to man failing to live out his Godly responsibility to his wife and family.

The position of Adam as husband / father was one of headship and priest. Spiritual authority came from God to Adam, Adam to Eve and from them to their offspring. It was an unbroken spiritual chain of spiritual power and love that goes out from God the Father to Adam and to all that is under Adam's headship or priestly covering. Then full potential family relationships are actualized as God intended.

A husband or wife married to a spouse that does not have a relationship with God can have a close personal relationship with God. But an unequally yoked relationship cannot actualize the full potential in marriage. Likewise, Christians who are devoted to things of this world (not to Christ),  are in a unequally yoked relationship with Christ and will not experience the fullness of God that is given to him through Christ. This is the greatest hindrance to receiving blessings from God. Colossians 2:9-10 (NIV) - For in Christ all the fullness of the Deity lives in bodily form, 10 and you have been given fullness in Christ, who is the head over every power and authority.

Why did God think it worthwhile to create this freewill form of life on the earth? It is the intention of God to have a counterpart in the earth. To have a people that's like Him, in Spirit. What a wonderful thought to meditate upon. Man's purpose on the earth is to grow up and become His adopted son, a mature man in the likeness of Christ. It was never intended that man should live and die on this earth as a mortal. Man was never created to be separated from his Creator.

The Creation of the Bride of Christ

As God was forming Eve in the scriptures, He was revealing the birth of the Body of Christ (His adopted family). As the bride of the flesh was taken from the side of Adam, the bride of the Spirit will also be taken from the side of Jesus, the Son of God. The body of Christ, the church, is created in His likeness. When God formed Adam's bride from his side, God was thinking of the day when He would form His bride (family) from the side of Christ. God saw the church in Christ before He created the world, even as He saw Eve in Adam befor He took her from his side.

Is this metaphor of God forming His bride from the side of Christ a legitimate interpretation of scriptures? Yes, because God "chose us in Him before the foundation of the world" - Ephesians 1:4. In the same way as Eve was in Adam before she was created, the bride of Christ was in Him before the creation of the world. God creates both brides in the same manner.

This is why Adam had to be in touch with his natural innate need to have a counterpart before God would take Eve from his side. Adam needed to get in touch with the Eve that was in Him, so to speak. Adam's spiritual relationship with God and his spiritual responsibility over Eve as her priestly covering confirms God's purpose for taking Eve from the side of Adam, rather than make her from the dust of the earth. Adam and Eve are a single entity of creation because God saw her in Adam before she was formed. They are one flesh! In the same way, the Christian is united as one Spirit with Christ. John 17:20-21(NIV) - "My prayer is not for them alone. I pray also for those who will believe in me through their message, (21) that all of them may be one, Father, just as you are in me and I am in you.

One can see the heart of God as He created male and female. Each man created on the earth will either live inherently "in Adam" or return to God and live "in Christ". Only through agape love can man live "in Christ". This is the reason Christ brought the eleventh commandment that Christians must love others as Christ loves them. The eleventh commandment is God's primary method employed for spiritual transformation across the divide / chasm between heaven and earth.

Man's need to be one with his counterpart will transition to his in-born spiritual need to know his spiritual counterpart - God, the Father. As Adam sensed his human incompleteness apart from Eve, he also sensed his spiritual incompleteness apart from God after he committed sin. Why? Because he was created in the image of God. Agape love desires unity with a counterpart, God to Adam, Adam to Eve and from them (family) back to God in worship. It is an unbroken golden thread that links everyone in the family to God at all times. This is why adultery is a marital sin that breaks the thread of unity. Adultery is not just between spouse and spouse, it is also against God.

Until man re-discovers this golden thread of unity, he will sense his incompleteness as a creation of God. There will be a void in his soul - a sense of incompleteness. When man gives himself to Christ he will know he has found the way to know his Father God once again! Then God will re-establish the golden thread of unity and give him the power and authority to add others to the thread. Then everyone who is loved and touched by this man will be loved and touched by God, because this man is God's counterpart in the earth.

CrucifixionWhen God was taking Eve from the side of Adam, He was looking toward the day when all who believe will belong to Christ, therefore to Him as children - John 17:2, 6.

John 1: 10-13 - He was in the world, and though the world was made through him, the world did not recognize him. He came to that which was his own, but his own did not receive him. Yet, to all who received him, to those who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God - children born not of natural decent, nor of human decision or a husband's will, but born of God.

Ephesians 3:6 - The mystery is that through the gospel the Gentiles are heirs together with Israel, members together of one body sharers together in the promise in Christ Jesus.

Author's comments on Side of Adam (click here)

 

Chapter 3

Adam's Environment - Spiritual

 

When God breathe life into Adam nostrils he became a living soul. God was the source of life for Adam. Adam should not have allowed his faculties for freewill rational reasoning to cause him to turn away from God for self-centered reasons. But, He did!

Now , this is the spiritual course for Adam's descendants and their only hope for eternal with God - To return to God through Christ and receive God's breath of eternal life, the Holy Spirit. 

God's Hedge

The Garden of Eden was a place of paradise suitable for eternal existence. It was a place closely watched over by God. The Hebrew word for garden reveals God's close position and presence in Adam's life.

Genesis 2:7-8 (KJV) - And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul. (8) And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed.

"Garden" (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew Dictionary) - #1588 gan (gan); from #1598; a garden (as fenced).

#1598 ganan (gaw-nan'); a primitive root; to hedge about, i.e. (generally) protect.

Job & Satan God fenced the garden off from the rest of the planet. God was ever present to hedge about Adam and sovereignly watch over his life. God protected Adam and Eve from satan (the snake in the garden - Genesis 3:1) as long as they would remain obedient to His command in Genesis 2:17. Satan had no authority to touch their lives.

The garden was located in the region of Eden. Adam was created outside the garden. Adam was created in verse 7 and moved into the garden after it was planted in verse 8. The garden was created as a habitat for Adam and Eve and their offspring. As long as they remained obedient to God they could reside in the garden. But, when they disobeyed God and sinned God banished them from the garden. God will hold man accountable for his disobedience and betrayal.

The garden was a place where God hedges about His family and protects their lives from the forces of darkness that seek to destroy them, as long as they remain in God. But, Adam is free-willed and satan tempts him to disobey God by luring him into a self-centered discourse of rational reasoning concerning God's command. Satan's objective is to get Adam to disobey God so he would die. Disobedience did bring death to Adam and Eve and they were banished from the garden - Genesis 3:23 (NIV) - So the LORD God banished him from the Garden of Eden to work the ground from which he had been taken. Adam and Eve left the garden and returned to the place where they were created.

But God did not abandon them because they repented and sacrificial sin offerings were made for the atonement of their sin - Genesis 3:21(KJV) - Unto Adam also and to his wife did the LORD God make coats of skins, and clothed them. Afterwards, God used the skins and made clothing for them.

Even Job who was a fallen man who lived in the fallen world, was hedged about by God and satan could not touch his life. Job 1:10-11 (KJV) - Hast not thou made an hedge about him, and about his house, and about all that he hath on every side? (11) But put forth thine hand now, and touch all that he hath, and he will curse thee to thy face. (12) And the LORD said unto Satan, Behold, all that he hath is in thy power; only upon himself put not forth thine hand.

Satan was allowed to touch his possessions (earthly things) for the testing of his faith, but he was not allowed to touch his life. His life belonged to God. Satan accused Job of serving God motivated by the blessings he was receiving from God. So, God allowed the testing of Job's faith to remove the accusations. The testing of Job settled the matter with satan concerning Job's faithfulness to God. Satan knew after the testing that Job's heart was true to God and the loss of his possessions did not have a higher priority than Job's love and devotion to God. After his troubles, Job was restored double what he initially had prior to the testing and proving of his faith. God elevated Job's relationship with Him through this event. Even though Job lost all he possessed, his faith never wavered.

Job made regular offerings to God for the sins of himself and his family - Job 1:5 (KJV) - And it was so, when the days of their feasting were gone about, that Job sent and sanctified them, and rose up early in the morning, and offered burnt offerings according to the number of them all: for Job said, It may be that my sons have sinned, and cursed God in their hearts. Thus did Job continually. Thus, God would not allow satan to touch his life.

Prior to the fall, everything Adam and Eve possessed, even their preeminent authority in the earth, was inside the hedge and satan was not allowed to touch anything. After the fall, satan had authority because Adam bowed to satan by disobeying God and opened a way through the hedge. Adam yielded his God given authority. From his positional relationship with Adam and Eve, satan has the right to make accusations concerning their faithfulness to God, because they turned from God's commandment and followed satan's counsel and spiritual lead. So, God instituted the sin offering of sacrificial blood for the atonement of their sin and God returned the hedge of protection around them. But, satan can still accuse them because of their disobedience. The only way to settle this accusation is to test their faith in God during difficult times. For as long as they remain repentant with a true heart for God, satan will not be allowed to touch their lives before their appointed time. Adam died of old age.

A Freewill Creation - To Choose Life

Adam being a freewill creation must have the opportunity to choose what he will believe or not believe. The choices he makes will set his direction in life. He will change his direction in life if he believes there's a better way. Rational reasoning and believing precludes his making a choice. Self-serving rationale precludes mortal man's decisions. God serving rational thinking by faith in His Word (commands) is the prerequisite of a Godly man's decisions. Mankind is always choosing between his way or God's Way concerning life's issues. Will he choose to remain "in Adam" or will he choose to be "in Christ"?

God gave Adam and Eve two elements of which they must choose in order to continue in the life He designed for them. In the middle of the garden there were two trees, the Tree of Life and the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. Then God told them to not eat of the fruit of the Tree of knowledge of Good and Evil because it would result in death - Genesis 2:16-17 (NIV) - And the LORD God commanded the man, "You are free to eat from any tree in the garden; (17) but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat of it you will surely die."

If Adam chooses to be obedient to God's command to not eat from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, he will remain in unity with God and continue in full power of the Holy Spirit. But, if he chooses to go his own way and make choices based on what he has rationalized in his mind to be a better way or a better truth than God's command, he turns inward to a self perception of truth and away from God. He will (sin) miss the mark God has established for him and he will die as a mortal. Obedience to God's Word keeps man's direction in life steadfast and God centered.

The Law of God

Adam's course for life was established by God to provide him with direction for each day. God's instruction for Adam centered on obedience and guided him in fulfilling his God given responsibility as ruler of the garden. Adam was to keep his faith focus on (1) God as his provisional source and (2) obedience to God's command, his guideline for exercising his freewill.

But, Adam abandoned his faith and disobeyed God. He chose a self-centered direction in life. If he had made the right choice, he would have lived eternally. But, he made the wrong choice and he lived and died in the earth as a mortal!

The fruit of the Tree of Life produced eternal life. From this tree he was commanded to eat freely. On the other hand, the fruit from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil produced death. From this tree he was forbidden to eat. The law of God was simple, but profoundly important. Life and death was set in front of Adam. God's command provided all the wisdom he needed to exercise his will in making the right choice.....which would keep the spiritual environment pure and free from the impact of death and decay.

With God's command set in place Adam had all he needed to discipline his rational reasoning faculties and avoid turning away from God.

Many years later, after crossing the Red Sea, God once again set in front of His chosen people (Israelites) the law of life and death through Moses. Likewise, today God has set in front of His creation the law of life through Christ.

What Happen in the Garden?

What happen to Adam and Eve when they disobeyed God? From this study we will gain insight to the problem within each of us, even from the day of our birth. If we have an understanding of our fallen nature and how we became fallen ones (mortals), then we will better see the way out of our fallen condition.

The fall of Adam will reveal the characteristic of the mortal nature and its effect upon each of us. What happened to man in the fall? Why does he choose sin from that day forth? Because when Adam disobeyed God, he fell from immortality into mortality because death and decay entered Adam and Eve and they separated themselves from the immortal life-giving power that comes from a relationship with God. So, God provided a way for fallen mortal man to choose and become an immortal man once again.

The Natural Characteristic of Mortal Man

First, I will define the word "sin" in the Hebrew -

"Sin" (Strong's Concordance / Hebrew Lexicon) - #2403 chatta'ah (khat-taw-aw'); or chatta'th (khat-tawth'); from #2398; an offence (sometimes habitual sinfulness), and its penalty, occasion, sacrifice, or expiation; also (concretely) an offender.

#2398 - chata' (khaw-taw'); a primitive root; properly, to miss; hence (figuratively and generally) to sin; by inference, to forfeit, lack, expiate, repent, (causatively) lead astray, condemn.

Sin is rooted in the word "chata'" which means to miss. To miss God's mark set for mankind's life in this dimension of time. Living life as a mortal forteits God's blessing of immortality. Mankind is led astray and condemned by his mortality. As a mortal, man's habits which causes him to miss the mark carries a penalty of death. Mortality is referred to as "a sin nature".

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To understand the impact of sin upon mankind, a study of the Bible verse describing sin's effect upon Adam and Eve is needed. A Hebrew study of key words in the scripture presents the correct interpretation. This scripture speaks of Adam and Eve's immediate reaction to their disobedience to God.

Genesis 3:7 (KJV) - And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons.

"Eyes" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #5869 `ayin (ah'-yin); probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy, a fountain (as the eye of the landscape):

Garden of Eden "Eyes" in this scripture is not concerned with their physical eyes because they were open prior to their sin. Rather, by analogy these eyes are concerned with spiritual eyes, which changed after their disobedience. The same holds true for their nakedness. Prior to sin there were physically naked and felt no shame. After sin they became spiritually naked and shameful. In this light, the root word `ayin offers the proper insight into the effects of Adam's fall upon mankind.

In this analogy, the phrase "a fountain as the eye of the landscape", figuratively represents the first thing the eye focuses on when first looking at the landscape scene. The first thing he sees is the eye of the landscape or center of the landscape. In the picture above it's the fountain (water fall). By analogy, the landscape is life's elements as perceived by the individual. What does one perceive as the fountain when looking at the landscape of his life?

In the landscape scene of life all living things derive nourishment from the fountain. The fountain is the provisional source for life in the landscape. The word "eyes" in this verse figuratively represents Adam's perception of life and what he sees as the center of life, as a fountain is the eye (focal point or center) of the landscape.

Prior to his disobedience Adam perceived God at the center of life and all of life revolved around God, including himself. God was the fountain that gives life. From God all living things derived life because He was the Creator. Having disobeyed God, Adam's perception of life was changed. Adam saw himself at the center of life with all things in life evolving around him. He became self-centered.

A person's perception of life determines what he believes to be true about life. One's perception of life becomes his spiritual eyes, through which he chooses his direction in life. In other words, if one believes that there is no life after death, then he will believe only in human secular values, as determined by worldly knowledge of good and evil. Moral values of right and wrong will be based on earthly human experiences and wordly knowledge. Worldly knowledge has some good information, but offers no knowledge of eternal life as ordained by God. Thus, the tree of knowledge of good and evil cannot produce the fruit of life. This tree can only produce the fruit of death when one relies on this knowledge for the real truth for his life. There's good information in this tree that we can use as we live through this dimension of life, but this knowledge cannot introduce us to eternal life available in the next dimension. Only the Bible can do this. This is God's purpose for the Bible - to open our eyes to Him and His wisdom and knowledge. Else, we remain blind to the things of God.

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Why was our perception changed by Adam's fall? Because Adam's descendents were born as mortals and inherited the fallen nature. This is seen in the word "opened".

Genesis 3:7 (con't) - "Opened" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #6491 paqach (paw-kakh'); a primitive root; to open (the senses, especially the eyes); figuratively, to be observant.

The Hebrew word "paqach" is a key word to understanding what happened in the fall of Adam. When Adam's eyes were opened his perception of life changed. Having sinned (disobeyed God), he then perceived life through his senses, especially the eyes. He became observant of the physical and tangible things in his environment, which trumped his awareness of the spiritual things. He was ruled by the things which could be sensed through his five senses. Remember satan's temptation of Eve. The heart desires of Adam and Eve was to "be as gods" because of what they heard satan speak.

Genesis 3:5-6 (KJV) - For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.(6) And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.

"For God doth know " - satan spoke a word to Eve that contrasts what God spoke to Adam to "not eat from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil". Eve believed what satan spoke and thought God was withholding something from her. By eating the fruit of the tree she believe her life would be better. She desired in her heart to reach beyond the boundary God established and obtain a higher place in life.

The desires of her heart (the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise) fueled her imagination and her rational thinking process. She rationally considered her disobedience to God's command and compared it to being "as god". She reasoned being as a god was the better way. Rationally, she justified her disobedience by what she sensed in her earthly environment (physical landscape) - "the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise."

Adam and Eve became sense-oriented creatures because the imaginations of their hearts became self-oriented as they observed life through self-centered perceptions. They perceived and believed themselves to be a creatures of flesh rather than a creations of the Spirit. Their flesh could see, feel, smell, hear and taste elements of their environment which fed their reasoning faculties. But, their flesh could not sensed spiritual elements, so all their physical experiences became a powerful influence upon their perception of life and ultimately formed the desires of their hearts.

Man's perception of life becomes his eyes through which he will form his understanding of truth concerning life's issues. If his perception of life is blinded by his senses, he will live as a natural creature of the senses and seek to gratify selfish desires and cravings of the flesh.

Therefore, it is required that fallen man must be reborn and transformed by the renewing of his mind - Romans 12:1-2 (NIV) - Do not conform any longer to the pattern of this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind. Then you will be able to test and approve what God's will is - his good, pleasing and perfect will.

Note: Adam and Eve's self perception changed when they saw life through their senses. Their focus on life and their involvement in life changed. They saw themselves as physical beings rather than spiritual beings. Even though they could remember what it was like prior to their sin, which gave them an experiential measure of their spiritual loss in the fall, they will have to wait for God to provide a way to restore them to their former glory. However, their descendants will not have this measured sense of spiritual loss because their inherited sin nature will be self-centered from the time of their birth. They will be mortals and mortality will be their default method of thinking. Meaning, they will not choose to be mortals, it will be their natural way of thinking because they wil be ruled by their five senses. They will never experience being spiritual beings again until God provides a new life in Christ. Therefore, apart from hearing the truth of the gospel, they will not realize they are lost and need God to live eternally.

Author's comments on Door to Transformation (click here)

After sin was birth in Adam and Eve, they were banished from the Garden of Eden and did not see God again.

Even though they hid from God because they were fearful, God did not abandon them. Although they could not see God again face to face, God strove to communicate with them by the Holy Spirit throughout their descent into total mortality .

Their descendants would also be ruled by self-centered desires and they would have great difficulty in hearing God or spiritually sensing direction in life from the Holy Spirit. As mortals, relying on their self-centered perceptions of life became the greatest obstacle to knowing God relationally. They would have great difficulty believing life was centered on God because He can't be physically sensed. They will be born with a mortal nature to sin; living life through selfish perceptions and desires. Consequentially, they will miss the life God prepared for them unless their eyes are opened to God's truth.

Genesis 6:3 (KJV) - And the LORD said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years.

After the fall, the Holy Spirit worked with man attempting to keep him from a total descent into mortality and death. Being ruled by his senses man eventually drifted totally away from God. When this occurred, approximately 1650 years after the fall of Adam, God brought an end to life on the planet through the flood. Except for Noah, man being ruled by his physical senses desensitized spiritual communion with God by the Holy Spirit.

Genesis 6:5-6 (KJV) - And GOD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.(6) And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart.

At the time of the flood God saw that every man's desire of the heart was about himself and not about God. Mankind separated himself from God by errant desires and imaginations of his heart.

Note: Every person born on this earth is a mortal, with a nature to sin (miss the mark God has set in place). Therefore, mortality is man's default nature. He does not have to choose to be a mortal. When man chooses to obey God and begin his journey to become an immortal, he must make choices daily to follow Christ. Daily he must be aware of Christ's presence and focused on following Him. When his eyes are opened by faith in God's Word, then he walks by faith and not by sight (senses). His state of mind must be continually in prayer (recognition of Christ presence), else he risks defaulting back into mortality and worldly beliefs. To keep the light of truth burning bright in his mind, he must be diligent and intentional about obeying the Word of Truth and seeking a closer relaltionshiop with Christ. This is the battleground of the mind. Sooner or later, he will create a new default way of thinking as an immortal child of God.

Self-centerness affects the emotional behavior of man as he desires to have his own way in life. An example is seen in - Genesis 4:6-8 (NIV) - Then the LORD said to Cain, "Why are you angry? Why is your face downcast? (7) If you do what is right, will you not be accepted? But if you do not do what is right, sin is crouching at your door; it desires to have you, but you must master it." (8) Now Cain said to his brother Abel, "Let's go out to the field." And while they were in the field, Cain attacked his brother Abel and killed him. Cain knew the Holy Spirit did not desire him to be downcast, as God favored Abel's offering over his own offering. Cain knew God would restore favor with him if he would only do what is right in God's eyes. Cain knew God would be gracious to him and God was warning him to make the right decision. Cain knew he could master his emotional anger. However, even knowing he was going against God, his emotional jealousy and anger was strong and ruled his behavior and he killed his brother.

When man is ruled by his senses, unwittingly he sees himself at the center of life. Meaning, all things in life revolve around him because life is about what he can tangibly sense. His sense of direction for his life depends on his own strength and intellect to acquire what he needs in life. He will be driven by his senses to maintain control of his life and create his own destiny. His sense of welfare will depend on his intellect, self confidence, possessions and wealth. His consciousness and understanding of life are fed by what he senses. His faith and belief system are based on what is tangible through the senses. If he can't sense it, he can't believe it.

The senses form a boundary for his faith. His faith cannot reach beyond the natural earthly realm of the senses. John 20:29 (KJV) - Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed. Jesus knew Thomas was ruled by his senses and his faith did not reach beyond the physical or natural realm. Jesus' comment is an indictment against sense faith. For as long as Thomas' faith was limited by his senses, he could not access the grace of God in the spiritual realm of the unseen. Eternal blessings from God could not take place in Thomas' life if he could not believe in things unseen. Faith in the unseen things of God reaches into the throne room of God and accesses grace - Romans 5:2 (KJV) - By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.

Man has always had great difficulty in overcoming the powerful influences of the senses or flesh. The fall of Adam places man in a sense-oriented world and only by the teaching of God through the church will man's eyes be open again to the light of truth. This is the truth that feeds his faith and leads him back to a life of immortality in the kingdom of God. Faith in God's Word is today's hope for mankind. Man cannot be renewed in his mind apart from faith in God's Word. Faith accesses grace and man is progressively transformed into the likeness of Christ, as he willfully appropriates God's Word in his life. The Word of God is purposed for opening man's eyes to life's reality, as created by God.

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To this point in the study of the fall, we can see Adam's change in his perception of life and of himself in his environment was due to the influence of his five senses upon his reasoning faculties. His thinking became corrupt and he was binded to God's reality. So, how did that change his spiritual and physical being? Theanswer is seen in the word "knew".  

Genesis 3:7 (con't) - "Knew" (Brown's/Driver/Briggs' - Hebrew) #3045 yada` (yaw-dah'); to know, to perceive and to see, to find out and to discern; to distinguish, to know by experience, to have knowledge.

Knowledge can be gained by perception, by seeing, by discernment or by experience. To know by perception, by sight or by discernment is to become aware of something in the mind. Mental awareness does not change the inner man until he employs and experiences what he has accepted as truth. To know by experience is a much deeper level of revelation knowledge. Experience changes the inner man. Experience is the threshold to the soul or heart of man.

Through his disobedience Adam experienced sin and became a friend of sin. Meaning, sin was no longer something external to Adam. Sin was now in him through the experience. The experience of sin brought death into his being. Experience is the key for his fall. If Adam had not yielded to the temptation to sin, he would not have fallen. The soul of man is changed by what he experiences, good or bad. Experience takes temptation out of the mental realm and manifests it in his soul.

Likewise, a Christian must have an experience with Christ, in the form of an on-going relationship built on faith and love, in order to change his soul. Knowledge of God's Word apart from experience yields no change in his nature. James 2:14, 17 (NIV) - (14) What good is it, my brothers, if a man claims to have faith but has no deeds? Can such faith save him? (17) In the same way, faith by itself, if it is not accompanied by action, is dead. To have a faith and knowledge of God and yet never experience faith by standing in faith and love through life's circumstances will profit man nothing.

Each Christian must take a stand against the knowledge of the world (realm of the senses) and trust in the provisional promises of God. Then when perseverance (a time of experiencing faith) has finished its work, the Christian experiences God's handiwork in his life and he is changed. His faith abounds and his relationship with God is magnified.

Love: Love is paramount for empowering faith and accessing the grace of God. Works or deeds apart from love will profit the Christian nothing. 1 Corinthians 13:1-3 (NIV) - If I speak in the tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I am only a resounding gong or a clanging cymbal. (2) If I have the gift of prophecy and can fathom all mysteries and all knowledge, and if I have a faith that can move mountains, but have not love, I am nothing. (3) If I give all I possess to the poor and surrender my body to the flames, but have not love, I gain nothing.

Love is the most meaningful word in the Bible. Love places one "in Christ" and he looses his sense of self. Love is never about self, it is always about other(s). One is not next to Christ, but "in" Christ because he loves God. One is not waiting to become an adopted son of God some day, one is an adopted son of God now! If so, then all the blessings of God are his because he is "in Christ" who has already received the fullness of God. And that's the truth!! Colossians 2:9-10 (NIV) - For in Christ all the fullness of the Deity lives in bodily form, (10) and you have been given fullness in Christ, who is the head over every power and authority.

Author's comments to help grasp this wonderful truth Door to Transformation (click here)

James 2:21-24 (NIV) - (21) Was not our ancestor Abraham considered righteous for what he did when he offered his son Isaac on the altar? (22) You see that his faith and his actions were working together, and his faith was made complete by what he did. (23) And the scripture was fulfilled that says, "Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness," and he was called God's friend.(24) You see that a person is justified by what he does and not by faith alone.

Faith and experience through perseverance results in a knowledge of God not attainable by any other way. The Way to know God is to know Him experientially through serving others - Matthew 25:40 (NIV) - "The King will reply, 'I tell you the truth, whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers of mine, you did for me.'

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What is the consequences of not following Christ and serving others? The answer is seen in the word "naked".

Genesis 3:7 (con't) - "Naked" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #6191 `aram (aw-ram'); a primitive root; properly, to be (or make) bare; to be cunning (usually in a bad sense).

Use in KJV-- beware, take crafty [counsel], be prudent, deal subtly.

As previously mentioned, prior to sin Adam and Eve were naked, so this verse of scripture does not speak of physical nakedness. The root word `aram speaks of spiritual nakedness. Prior to his fall, Adam was righteous in God's sight and thought not of himself, but only of God. Adam was not spiritually naked or bare. He was covered by the glory of God

The result of sin for Adam and his descendants was self-centerness. Perceiving life through the senses gave birth to self-awareness and self-indulgence. Motivation for his decision making processes would be for the profit and good of self. His reasoning would be crafty, prudent and subtle as he strives to take control of his life by selfish motivation.

Apart from faith in Christ, man is left bare or naked (without the covering of God).

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What does it mean to be without the coveing of God? The answer is seen in the word "leaves".

Genesis 3:7 (con't) - "Leaves" - (Brown/Driver/Briggs' - Hebrew) #5929 `aleh (aw-leh'); from #5927; a leaf (as coming up on a tree); collectively, foliage.

#5927 `alah (aw-law'); a primitive root; to ascend, to climb, to take oneself away, to be exalted, to exalt, to lift oneself.

The root word `alah reveals Adam's self-centerness as he perceived himself at the center of life with all things revolving around him rather than around God. Adam sought spiritual ascension by exalting himself to be wise like God, equal to God.

Apart from God, man sees himself at the center of life. He unwittingly sets himself up as god. By his own strength and wit he believes he is in control of improving his standing in this life (to ascend) intellectually, socially, economically, physically and spiritually (to lift oneself).

Adam's self reliance became a leaf, covering over his need and reliance on God. From that moment forward Adam's descendants hide from God behind self reliance and self sufficiency, which is spiritual nakedness. 

Another example of man covering himself with leaves -

Revelation 3:17 (NIV) - You say, 'I am rich; I have acquired wealth and do not need a thing.' But you do not realize that you are wretched, pitiful, poor, blind and naked.

Man's acquired wealth may cover his fear of poverty. His wealth may provide him with an exalted social standing. His wealth may provide him with an exalted sense of power over his fellow man. His wealth may be his provisional source for responding to life's issues. His wealth may allow him to do philanthropic good works for a sense of spiritual ascension (exaltation). His good deeds will provide him with a sense of self-righteousness. Man's wealth can be a fig leaf covering his separation from God and his spiritual blindness and nakedness. He does not realize God is the provisional source of all eternal things of life. 

Apart of faith in God, man will seek to acquire "leaves" from his environment to cover over his reliance on God's provision - to be self-reliant.

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When man is self-reliant, he is attempting to cover over his fear of failure through his own wit and cunning behavior. This is seen in the word "aprons".

Genesis 3:7 (con't) - "Aprons" - (Brown/Driver/Briggs' - Hebrew) #2290 chagowr or chagor and (feminine) chagowrah or chagorah - a girdle, a belt, a loin-covering, a belt, a loincloth, armor; derived from #2296.

#2296 chagar (khaw-gar'); - a primitive root; to gird, to gird on, to gird oneself, to put on a belt (as a belt, armor, etc.).

Use in KJV-- be able to put on, be afraid, appointed, gird, restrain.

Adam and Eve CoverupThe root word chagar reveals Adam's fear. Out of fear Adam governs his responses to life's issues on a daily basis. Adam has girded (clothed) himself in fear, because his sin separated him from the life he had in God. Fear has clothed Adam because he sensed his aloneness in the earth. Self reliance always opens the door to a fear of failure. Remember Adam's first words to God when God called out "Adam where are you?" Adam replied, "I was afraid".

Genesis 3:10 (KJV) - And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself.

Fear will motivate Adam and his descendants when rationalizing their direction in life.

Man's armor against fear is to take the helm, so to speak. Fear will cause Adam to be defensive in his rational thinking and reasoning in order to protect and preserve self, to profit self and remain in control of his life. Defensive reasoning is his armor against fear. Man's need to be in control of his life causes him to respond to life's circumstances in a defensive manner, as he seeks to protect and preserve his life. His defense against fear is self reliance. Without self reliance he sees himself as being inferior and helpless. Due to his fear, man will first react to life's opportunities by looking for the things that threaten him. He begins to "judge the book by it's cover", so to speak. He may never reach a place of seeing the inner good or beauty that lies within. Sometimes the good things in life are missed, because of fear. The better way is to first look for the good and then look for the bad. In this manner, the good that is seen tones down the perspective of bad.

For example, relations are based on love for another person. But, if man fears rejection, he may pass on the opportunity to get to know someone else socially or intimately. He will not risk being rejected and he will fail to expand his horizon for love - 1 John 4:18 (KJV) - There is no fear in love; but perfect love casteth out fear: because fear hath torment. He that feareth is not made perfect in love.

As parents we must teach our children with the knowledge and wisdom of God, so they will obtain the favor of God. We must give a greater priority to teaching them the Bible, so their eyes will be open to know God and have the faith to ascend above worldly knowledge and wisdom. Only then will their faith in God overcome the fear of failure, which they see in their perception of the world. Self-reliance will become a reliance on the love God has for them.

As parents we must also teach our children with the knowledge and wisdom of God, so they will obtain the favor of God. We must give a greater priority to teaching them the Bible, so their eyes will be open to know God and have the faith to overcome worldly knowledge and wisdom. Only then will their faith in God overcome the fear of failure they see in their perception of the world. Through faith in God, self-reliance will become a reliance on the love God has for them.

The perception of self rule is a binding element to his spiritual nature and growth. He relies on his own strength and ability to provide all that he needs, rather than relying on God. His perception of life is skewed. This bondage will keep him in a lower state of life until the day God opens his eyes again to eternal life through faith in Him, as provider of all things in life. Psalms 24:1a (NIV) - The earth is the LORD's, and everything in it....

The descendants of Adam will never be able to receive the provisional breath of life from God apart from faith in Christ - Galatians 3:14 - That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith

Romans 8:11 (NIV) - And if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead is living in you, he who raised Christ from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through his Spirit, who lives in you.

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THE SPIRITUAL DIMENSION OF THE SIN NATURE OF MAN

Genesis 2:9 (KJV) - And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.

"Every tree" - All trees in the garden appeared alike. Each was "pleasant to the sight" and "good for food". The Tree of Life and the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil were in the midst of the garden and they looked the same to the physical eye. Apart from God's command, Adam and Eve using their sight (senses) could in no way discern any difference between the two trees in the midst of the garden.

Except for God's command, they did not understand why one tree produced the fruit of life and the other the fruit of death. As they observed the trees and sought to discern why God would command them to not touch the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, especially since the trees looked the same in appearance, they could not rationalize God's command and became vulnerable to doubting God. Attempting to rationalize between what is seen and God's instructions was not possible. Spiritual truths cannot be discerned by observing what is seen. Thus, they were duped into disobedience by spirit driven thoughts that they could eat the fruit and not die. At this moment they desired to move out on their own and decided to do as they pleased, rather then obey God. As a result, their sense consciousness grew and became a powerful influence on their perceptions of life.   

The two trees in the garden of God represent the spiritual forces at work in the garden, as well as in this current dimension of life. The Tree of Life represents the power of eternal life from God through Christ. The Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil represents the power of eternal death, separation from God through disobedience (rejecting His command).

Genesis 2:9 (Con't) - "Midst of the garden" - The two trees in the midst of the garden symbolize two elements which are at the center of life for Adam and Eve. They must choose between these two elements, eternal life (immortality) and death (mortality). As created by God, life's spiritual environment requires free-willed Adam and his descendants to choose between these two spiritual elements. What tree do you see at the center of your life? The tree of life or the tree of worldly knowledge of good and evil?

The will of Adam was activated as he rationalized between the two trees, influenced by the carnal desires of his heart. Once a choice was made and acted upon, Adam experienced life. His experiences were stored up in his soul, developing his character - good or bad.

1 Corinthians 10:21-23 (NIV) - You cannot drink the cup of the Lord and the cup of demons too; you cannot have a part in both the Lord's table and the table of demons. (22) Are we trying to arouse the Lord's jealousy? Are we stronger than he? (23) "Everything is permissible"-- but not everything is beneficial. "Everything is permissible", but not everything is constructive. Paul states in this scripture that God has set before man the need to ultimately choose between good and evil. Man is blinded and in a state of confusion if he believes he can drink from both the Lord's cup and the cup of demons.

For as long as Adam obeyed God, he would live as an immortal. He would be protected by God, provided for by God and all things would be under his domain. This spiritual perception is centered on God.

If man is to embrace this spiritual element in his life, he must learn a self-centered life is contrary to God's will. Man's perspective view of life must revolve around God, not himself. He should be motivated to do good for the benefit of others (as Christ does) and fulfill his responsibilities as God's caretaker and steward over all earthly things, including the animals. This spiritual element is a selfless perspective of life.

Self Element

When Adam disobeyed God and partook of the knowledge of good and evil, he died spiritually. In his fallen state Adam and all his descendants were destined to live under the domain of mortality (death). This domain was a paradoxical perspective of life because there appears to be good things and evil things that are the right way, but in the end results in spiritual death.

Fallen man will do good deeds which he believes makes him a moral and righteous person, a good man. But, he is blinded by self-centered moral perceptions. The good in his tree of knowledge will not make him a righteous man in God's eyes.

There are many who claim to be Christians who bring the self-centered perceptions into the church. Seeking to be righteous in God's eyes through good deeds: they give sacrificially, they work in the ministry of reaching out to others, they serve in the church, they study God's Word, etc. They see their obedience and works of righteousness as evidence of their right standing with God. This is commonly referred to as legalism. Their deeds become evidence of attaining to God's mark for each Christian. Their deeds become their spiritual path to God, which will merit them spiritual favor. This is self-centered works of righteousness. So, what is the right thing to do? Each legalistic Christian should keep doing good deeds, but do them only out of love for God and love for those they serve, expecting nothing in return. Love for others and love for God trumps legalism!

When Adam and Eve chose to follow after the spirit that influences them to believe they could be wise like God, they unwittingly turned inward, each to themselves. The idea that they could be wise like God, knowing all things, was a powerful attraction or draw on their self perception of life. If they could be wise like God, they would be equal to God. If they could be equal to God, they would be accountable only to themselves. If accountable only to themselves, they are unleashed to determine life's truths and directions in life without any consequences for disobedience. Then obedience to God would not be paramount in life. They could establish their own destiny and control their own life. Accountability is a boundary set in place by God for each person.

Note: When a person believes he is not accountable to God, he will live his life with no spiritual boundaries. He eventually will make his own laws of life. Laws that do not condemn him for his behavior or restrict his will when he seeks to fulfill the desires of his heart or to misbehave. His values or moral code will be structured around personal, self serving desires - good deeds to make him righteous and evil deeds to gratify his cravings. 

"Evil" - (Strong's Concordance / Hebrew) #7451 - ra` (rah); from #7489; bad or (as noun) evil (natural or moral):

Use in KJV - adversity, affliction, bad, calamity, + displease (-ure), distress, evil ([-favouredness], man, thing), + exceedingly, X great, grief (-vous), harm, heavy, hurt (-ful), ill (favoured), + mark, mischief (-vous), misery, naught (-ty), noisome, + not please, sad (-ly), sore, sorrow, trouble, vex, wicked (-ly, -ness, one), worse (-st), wretchedness, wrong. [Incl. feminine ra` ah; as adjective or noun.].

#7489 ra` a` (raw-ah'); a primitive root; properly, to spoil (literally, by breaking to pieces); figuratively, to make (or be) good for nothing, i.e. bad (physically, socially or morally):

God establish accountability for disobedience when He stated that partaking of the fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil would result in death. Adam doubted God because he believed Satan - Geneses 3:4-5 (KJV) - And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die: (5) "For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened and ye shall be like gods, knowing good and evil." In the deception, rather than believe God's command not to touch the tree was to preserve his life, Adam believed God did not want him to consume the fruit from this tree to inhibit him from attaining to a higher order of life. Therefore, Adam believed satan's deception that he would not die. Adam believed he would not be accountable to God if he chose to consume the forbidden fruit. As a result, Adam turned from God to himself and he fell into a state of mortality, he died.

Prior to Adam's sin, his nature projected outward into his environment. His actions were inspired and empowered by the Holy Spirit. As the Holy Spirit projected forth from Adam, more of the Holy Spirit flowed into Adam. Adam was a yielded vessel of God in a constant state of receiving and sending forth the power of God as he fulfilled God's purpose for him in the earth. Adam was receiving because he was giving. He was reaping from God because he was sowing himself to God.

Galatians 6:7-8 (KJV) - Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap. (8) For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption; but he that soweth to the Spirit shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting.

The nature of the Holy Spirit is to give, anticipating nothing in return. God's will is to love and to give. When man's will is the same as the will of God, then the Spirit can impart things of God to others through that man. But, when man's will is to receive rather than to give, he is not in the will of God. Giving is not giving when motivated by receiving. It is investing, not giving. This focus is on receiving rather than giving. Good works for the sake of righteousness is self-centered, but good works for the sake of others is selfless expressions of love to man and to God - Matthew 25:40 (NIV) - "The King will reply, 'I tell you the truth, whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers of mine, you did for me.'

The two trees in the midst of life represents man's will to choose between a God-centered perspective of life and a self-centered perspective of life.

Genesis 2:9 (Con't)- "Pleasant to the sight", "Good for food" - When Eve was in the act of justifying her disobedience to God by eating of the fruit of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, she saw that the fruit was good for food and pleasant to the eyes. As previously mentioned, what she saw in this tree was the same as what she saw in the other trees. There was nothing in the outward appearance of the tree that would distinguish it from the other trees. By her sight, Eve could not - in any intellectual way - relate to God's command not to partake of the knowledge in this tree because she could not see the difference between this tree and the other trees in the garden - Genesis 2:9 (KJV) - And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil. .

Man in his own understanding, being ruled by sight, he can observe mortal death, but cannot discern or perceive spiritual death. He can discern spiritual unfulfillment because there is a void in his soul due to separation from God. Therefore, he cannot discern spiritual death apart from knowing God's truth. So God, at a later time, had to give mankind the Mosaic Law to make him conscious of the sin that produces death.

There are other religions that proclaim many roads that lead to God. Other religions seek to please God with works of sacrifice, good deeds focused on meriting God's favor. But, favor with God cannot be merited by works that seek to profit self. Good works motivated by personal gain are works of self-centerness. This is the good that leads to death in the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil.

Proverbs 14:12 (KJV) - There is a way which seemeth right unto a man, but the end thereof are the ways of death.

Matthew 5:20 (KJV) - For I say unto you, That except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven.

God's Assigned Responsibility for Man

Genesis 2:15 (KJV) - And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.

"Dress it" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #5647 `abad (aw-bad'); a primitive root; to work (in any sense); by implication, to serve, till, (causatively) enslave, etc.

Use in KJV-- X be, keep in bondage, be bondmen, do, dress, execute, + husbandman, keep, labor (-ing man, bring to pass, (cause to, make to) serve, (be, become) servant, worshipper.

The word "`abad" reveals God having given Adam the responsibility for working the garden. Adam's fulfillment of this responsibility was in service to God. Adam's labor would be an act of worship to God. Adam was enslaved to the life provided by God because he was totally submitted to God. Man was created to work in the earth and to serve God.

"Keep it" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) - #8104 shamar (shaw-mar'); a primitive root; properly, to hedge about (as with thorns), i.e. guard; generally, to protect, attend to, etc.

Use in KJV-- beware, be circumspect, take heed (toself), keep (-erself,), mark, look narrowly, observe, preserve, regard, reserve, save (self), sure, (that lay) wait (for), watch (-man).

The word "shamar" reveals God's having given Adam the responsibility for overseeing the garden, including stewardship of all animals. Adam was given the power and authority to take dominion of the earth as God's ruler of the creation. Adam's authority over the garden was a "hedge about" the garden, "protecting and attending" to all life including "guarding" against satan's temptations to do otherwise. Without authority over the garden Adam could never "keep it."

Genesis 1:28 (KJV) - And God blessed them, and God said unto them, "Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth".

Man has lost his God given authority in the earth when he turned away from God.

The Commandment

Genesis 2:16 (KJV) - And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat.

"Commanded" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #6680 tsavah (tsaw-vaw'); a primitive root; (intensively) to constitute, enjoin.

Use in KJV-- appoint, (for-) bid, (give a) charge, (give a, give in, send with) command (-er, -ment), send a messenger, put, (set) in order.

God's command to Adam formed a constitution for Adam and his descendants under which they would live and serve Him by ruling and caring for His garden. It should be noted that God gave Adam this commandment prior to the forming of Eve. God never spoke directly to Eve. So, Adam's refusal to be responsibile for overseeing Eve and being the leader in the family is where Adam disobeyed God. Adam, although he passed along God's command to Eve, he did not step in and prevent her from partaking of the fruit from the tree of knowlege of good and evil. He was there, but failled to act. Thus, the fall is referred to as the fall of Adam.

God has re-established His commands by giving us His Word. The Bible is the Constitution of life for Christians, even as the Constitution governs life in the United States today. Is it any wonder that the founding fathers of the Constitution were God fearing men inspired by God given wisdom. They were called of God and were performing God given responsibilities. It was God who established the United States of America!

Genesis 2:17 (KJV) - But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.

Genesis 2:17 (Con't) - "But" - This implies that the following words are opposite to what was said in the previous verse 16.

Genesis 2:17 (Con't) - "Knowledge" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #1847 da` ath (dah'-ath); from #3045; knowledge.

Use in KJV-- cunning, [ig-] norantly, know (-ledge), [un-] awares (wittingly).

#3045 yada` (yaw-dah'); a primitive root; to know (properly, to ascertain by seeing).

At the time just prior to his disobedience, Adam did not know evil from an experiential perspective. He had not yet experienced sin and he felt no shame. When he disobeyed God, he experienced sin resulting in a feeling of shame. Sin was in contrast to his God given spiritual nature. His fall was a monumental experience of loss! This contrast made him conscious of God's goodness that was in him. After his fall, Adam experienced the battle waged between the goodness of God and the evil that was in him. Adam was like God, knowing the difference between good and evil. God knows evil because He is all knowing and He is the one who created darkness - Isaiah 45:7. But, Adam knows evil experientially!

Genesis 3:22 (NIV) - And the LORD God said, "The man has now become like one of us, knowing good and evil. He must not be allowed to reach out his hand and take also from the tree of life and eat, and live forever."

Genesis 2:17 (Con't) -"Good" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #2896 towb (tobe); from #2895; good (as an adjective) in the widest sense; used likewise as a noun, both in the masculine and the feminine, the singular and the plural (good, a good or good thing, a good man or woman; the good, goods or good things), also as an adverb (well).

(Brown-Driver-Brigg's Concordance - Hebrew) #2895 towb- to be good, to be pleasing, to be joyful, to be beneficial, to be pleasant, to be favorable, to be happy, to be right.

The word "towb" reveals moral good, a sense of moral good that is given by God to man. This innate good is a part of God, built into the spiritual make-up of man. Every man has a sense of what is morally right in his mind. Every man desires to be a good man. I believe this sense of good is a remnant from the moral good that was in Adam, imparted by the Holy Spirit prior to Adam's fall. When Adam fell, he did not lose his sense of doing what is good. But, Adam's descendants have never experienced being Godly good. They are self-centered and good works are selfishly motivated. They strive to be right, as they unwittingly seek to lift themselves up out of a fallen state. They will be motivated to be good morally, because in their own perception and understanding it makes them good (righteous in their own sight). If they see themselves as righteous then they believe they are righteous in God's sight. The fallen state of man is a restless sense of life causing most men to seek a form of righteousness.

Proverbs 14:12 (KJV) - There is a way which seemeth right unto a man, but the end thereof are the ways of death.

Isaiah 64:6 (KJV) - But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousness are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.

Even Pharaoh had a moral standard by which he lived -

Genesis 12:11-13 (NIV) - As he was about to enter Egypt, he said to his wife Sarai, "I know what a beautiful woman you are. (12) When the Egyptians see you, they will say, 'This is his wife.' Then they will kill me but will let you live. (13) Say you are my sister, so that I will be treated well for your sake and my life will be spared because of you."

Genesis 12:17-19 - But the LORD inflicted serious diseases on Pharaoh and his household because of Abram's wife Sarai. (18) So Pharaoh summoned Abram. "What have you done to me?" he said. "Why didn't you tell me she was your wife? (19) Why did you say, 'She is my sister,' so that I took her (might have taken her - KJV) to be my wife? Now then, here is your wife. Take her and go!"

If Pharaoh had known that Abram was the husband of Sarai, rather than her brother as she stated, he would have killed Abram in order to have Sarai as one of his wives. But, since he believed Abram to be Sarai's brother, he gave gifts to Abram because he wanted Sarai to see his kindness to her brother. Pharaoh desired favor with Sarai. He did not give gifts to Abram because he cared for Abram nor was he concerned about his welfare. He gave to Abram in order to receive Sarai's favor.

Was Pharaoh's goodness to Abram still good? Yes! When Abram and Sarai left Egypt, they left with wealth. But, for Pharaoh his good gifts were for self-centered purposes. He desired favor with Sarai.

Although Pharaoh was unclean in the eyes of God, he still had an innate need to be right morally. On one hand he could justify murder, but on the other hand he was dishonored when he believed Sarai lied to him about being the sister of Abram. Murder is okay, but to lie is disgraceful.

There exist two types of good. A good that goes out expecting nothing in return and a good that goes out expecting a return. One leads to eternal life and the other leads to eternal death.

Genesis 2:17 (Con't) -"Evil" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #7451 ra` (rah); from #7489; bad or (as noun) evil (natural or moral).

#7489 ra` a` (raw-ah'); a primitive root; properly, to spoil (literally, by breaking to pieces); figuratively, to make (or be) good for nothing, i.e. bad (physically, socially or morally).

Use in KJV-- afflict, break (down, in pieces), + displease, (be, bring, do) evil (doer, entreat, man), do harm, (do) hurt, do ill, X indeed, do mischief, punish, still, vex, (do) wicked (doer, -ly), be (deal, do) worse.

The word "ra` a`" not only means to spoil by destruction (breaking something to pieces), but it figuratively means to make something good for nothing (Pharaoh's good yielded no spiritual profit). Self-righteousness is something that is good, but is as filthy rags in the eyes of God - Isaiah 64:6.

Genesis 2:17 (Con't) -"Eatest" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #398 'akal (aw-kal'); a primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).

Use in KJV-- X at all, burn up, consume, devour (-er, up), dine, eat (-er, up), feed (with), food.

Death occurred in the spiritual nature of Adam when he disobeyed God and consumed (experienced) the knowledge of good and evil. Adam took into himself the experience of disobeying God. Experience of sin means Adam became one with sin. (It could be said that experience is the threshold to the soul.) This evil separated Adam from God. Fallen Adam and his disobedience (sin) became familiar with each other. Sin had now taken a foothold in Adam's soul. "Akal" means Adam consumed the knowledge and the knowledge consumed him.

Apart from God, Adam put himself at the center of life. Now Adam will spend the rest of his life making choices between good and evil, because Adam consumed knowledge through experience. Adam's experience placed him in the spiritual arena of striving to regain that which was lost in the fall by doing good. But, nothing can be gained apart from finding that which was lost. No substitute will be suitable for filling the soul. But, only through Christ can his sin be remitted and his standing with God restored. Until then, him and his descendents must remain obedient to God.

Comparing Adam's Pre-fall and Post-fall natures

Definition of Nature (The Random House College Dictionary) - "The instincts or inherent tendencies directing conduct. character or kind. The sum total of forces at work throughout the universe". 

What is the difference between Adam's instinct or inherent tendency, directing his conduct prior to his fall and after his fall?

Pre-fall Nature

Genesis 2:25 (KJV) - And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed.

"Naked" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #6174 `arowm (aw-rome'); or `arom (aw-rome'); from 6191 (in its original sense); nude, either partially or totally.

#6191 `aram (aw-ram'); a primitive root; properly, to be (or make) bare.

Prior to the fall Adam and Eve were naked, meaning they had not taken anything upon themselves that would cover up the glory of their spiritual purity, "they were not ashamed". In their minds, their spiritual consciousness transcended the physical. They did not in any way spiritually relate to each other through their physical differences. They responded to each other consciously as created equals. Their conduct toward each other was not ruled by the flesh (senses). They were one flesh and did not react to each other as different individuals.

Their awareness was on God as the center and source of life. Surely they had to relate and respond to their environment as workers and stewards, but they were not ruled by what they saw, heard, tasted, smelt or felt. They did not have a "sense" consciousness. Spontaneously, they were moved through life by the Spirit of God. They were Spirit-driven creatures.

Post-fall Nature

Literally speaking, when Adam fell he lost his innocence with God, he and Eve became self-conscious individuals. They became conscious of their physical differences and covered up their physical differences with leaves. I believe their spiritual separation from God caused them to react to each other in a such a way as to cause them to unwittingly be separate from each other. Apart from God, they were no longer "one flesh". The fall was the very beginning or the root of forming a societal life based in individualistic perceptions.

Individualistic thinking became the mindset for their descendants. Even today human secularism rules all democratic nations and creates political platforms based on individualism and establishes societies that have secular moral values.

Adam's death placed him in a state of sense-consciousness, meaning he lost his inherent, transient spiritual direction and consciousness. Having sinned, Adam must use his senses to determine his way through life. Adam will believe and rely on his senses when making choices or evaluating his life. I I am certain this tendency of being ruled by the five senses increased from generation to generation because God destroyed the creation with a flood, as only Noah found favor with God.

Individualistic Perceptions

In today's world, more than ever before, many worship only what can be seen; i.e., rock stars, movie stars, sports stars, religious icons, self-proclaimed prophets, gurus, etc.. Many worship and are ruled (devoted) by what tastes good, feels good, sounds good, smells good and looks good.

In today's culture many believe personal welfare is either good or bad, based on the accumulated amount of possessions and wealth, professional attainment, professional notoriety, social standing, economic class, etc. Many are driven to exalt themselves as individuals in the eyes of their peers and friends. All of which are perceptions of socioeconomic security.

Many believe the cure for stress and depression is to take a drug (toxic substance) to dull the senses, give a feeling of euphoria and sense of well being. There are many pacifiers man uses to cope with stress and depression induced by the darkness that fills his life.

Sin placed mankind in a place of seeing life through the senses, attempting to fill the void in his soul by seeking fulfillment through material and physical aspects of life. Sense knowledge and intellect has become wisdom to secular mankind.

Genesis 2:17 con't (KJV) - But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.

"Surely die" - When Adam bowed to self-centerness, he exalted himself to be equal to his Creator. Self-exaltation dethroned God in Adam's heart and Adam began a descent into mortality (death). He lost his earthly domain and was no longer ruler. Satan would now rule as a result of Adam's decision to be obedient to him, rather than obey God.

The Spirit of God strove with mankind after the fall to keep him on a straight course of obedience. But, after approximately sixteen hundred and fifty years of striving, God saw that man's total descent into mortality was complete and the earth was destroyed by the flood. God saved only Noah and his family.

The Offering of Blood for the Atonement of Sin

Adam's sin of disobedience did not cause God to abandon him. Rather, the opposite is seen in the scriptures. God continually "pressed in" to prevent mankind's spiritual decline. God instituted the sin offering for the forgiveness of sin by the blood sacrifice of animals. Simultaneously, He provided them with animal skins from the sacrifice to cover their physical differences. This substitute sacrifice for the atonement of sin will cover the sins of man until the day Jesus is crucified at Calvary.

This sin offering in the Garden of Eden foreshadows the future sin / blood offering of Christ. Remember, We know this to be true because God "chose us in Christ" before the creation of the world - Ephesians 1:4. Only through faith in the blood of Christ for the remission of sin can we be "in Christ:".

Romans 8:2 (KJV) - For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death.

Later, Cain and Abel's offering was also a sin offering of blood to cover their sins, passed to them from Adam and Eve. But, Cain made an offering of grain and Abel made an offering of blood. Abel's offering was accepted by God and Cain's was rejected.

The Holy Spirit instructed Cain to make an effort to prevent his demise in Genesis 4:6-7 - Then the LORD said to Cain, "Why are you angry? Why is your face downcast? (7) If you do what is right, will you not be accepted? But if you do not do what is right, sin is crouching at your door; it desires to have you, but you must master it."

Cain was a freewill creation, and God will not override the will of Cain. So God gives Cain instruction and the wisdom he needs to avoid his demise. If Cain had desired to offer a sin offering to God and seek atonement (as Abel sought atonement from God) then his offering would have been acceptable to God. There would be no jealousy in Cain's heart over God's acceptance of Abel's offering. But, Cain is strongly self-driven and does not listen to the voice of His Creator. Even as God gave Adam instructions and then Adam disobeyed God, Cain was given instructions and then Cain disobeyed God. Cain failed to master the temptation to do evil by killing his brother. Hatred, jealousy and envy ruled Cain. Sin was crouching at the door of the place where Cain lived (there was a serpent in the landscape of Cain's life), desiring to have him (to rule his heart and mind). Sin ruled Cain because Cain allowed it to be so.

Accountability for disobedience or Cain's punishment for having killed Abel -

Genesis 4:10-16 (KJV) - And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground. (11) And now art thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand; (12) When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth. (13) And Cain said unto the LORD, My punishment is greater than I can bear. (14) Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the face of the earth; and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth; and it shall come to pass, that every one that findeth me shall slay me. (15) And the LORD said unto him, Therefore whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold. And the LORD set a mark upon Cain, lest any finding him should kill him. (16) And Cain went out from the presence of the LORD, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden.

Cain was cursed for his sin and disobedience. The earth will produce a meager livelihood because the earth shall not yield in strength and abundance. Not only will his efforts to survive be diminished, but he will not have a settled place to call his own. He will be a fugitive and a vagabond.

Rather than plea to God for mercy and forgiveness, Cain's unrepentance is seen in his complaint that his punishment is too great for him to bear, as though his punishment is too excessive for the sin. Cain's unrepentance caused him to be separated from God. God moved him into the land of Nod east of Eden, outside the presence of the Lord.

A man who is self-centered and self-serving has turned inward to himself and cannot spiritually relate in any meaningful way to others in his environment. He cannot give of himself unconditionally to others. He cannot offer himself up for the good of others, unless there is something in it for himself. He will be a spiritual vagabond in the earth.

Where did this spirit of sin and pride originate?

A scripture concerning the fall of Lucifer - Ezekiel 28: 13-15, 17 (NIV) - You were in Eden, the garden of God; every precious stone adorned you: ruby, topaz and emerald, chrysolite, onyx and jasper, sapphire, turquoise and beryl. Your settings and mountings were made of gold; on the day you were created they were prepared. (14) You were anointed as a guardian cherub, for so I ordained you. You were on the holy mount of God; you walked among the fiery stones. (15) You were blameless in your ways from the day you were created till wickedness was found in you...... (17) Your heart became proud on account of your beauty, and you corrupted your wisdom because of your splendor. So I threw you to the earth; I made a spectacle of you before kings.

The spirit of satan is characterized by self-centerness and pride. This spirit was in the Garden of Eden and entered into Eve and Adam when they were deceived by believing they could be wise and equal to God.

Adam's death did occur as God said it would. First Adam died spiritually and then he died in the flesh. Adam being a spirit-driven creation, first died to the eternal life giving Spirit, else his flesh would have never died. When death entered Adam, his life became temporal (mortal). In sin, Adam and all his descendants must be redeemed by the sacrificial blood of God's Sacrificial Lamb, Jesus Christ. Then the journey back to God can begin.

Summation -

At this point in this study the spiritual aspects of creation is revealed and an understanding of God 's objective for creating Adam and Eve is seen. What happened to Adam and Eve during and after their disobedience to God is seen and an understanding of who we are without God is revealed. These are the most important perceptions concerning the book of Genesis.

However, If your are the type person who questions the theory of evolution and you are seeking harmony between the original physical elements of the earth and the Bible then the following chapters will be most interesting.

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Chapter 4

Earth's Environment - Physical

Introduction

The following discussions will provide a simple, but in-depth analysis of the earth's beginning (creation and environment), including today's earth and the future earth. This study will provide an analytical study using physical sciences of earth to reveal the difference between pre-flood and post flood earth. 

See For the Eyes of Your Understanding, Volume 2 - New Beginning and a New World Order for additional insight to the post-flood earth environment. Go to chapter 1.

The basis of this study is centered the understanding that prior to the fall of Adam, the earth and Adam would exist forever. All that God created in the six days of creation was perfect and created to be an eternal creation, including the earth and it's atmosphere. The fall of Adam changed the original spiritual and physical configurations because death and decay entered the environment.

The original creation of earth seems to have always been phase one of a two phase plan. The first phase is the first heaven and earth that exists until the second phase, the new heaven and earth, is re-created in Revelation 21:1. The second phase exists from immediately after the millennium period throughout eternity where the body of Christ will live with the Lord.

2 Peter 3:12-13 (KJV) - Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat? (13) Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness.

The new heaven and new earth will be a place where the righteous family of God will dwell and coincides with God returning to the earth.

The first heaven and earth era of time seems to be a time for forming the original earth and a time for God birthing His family, transforming them into His likeness and afterwards maturing them to full glorification as they live with Christ for a thousand years. Then Father God returns with the second heaven and earth.

Seeking to better understand the original creation prior to and after the flood of Noah's time will be influenced by the scripture concerning the new heaven and new earth - Revelation 21:1 (KJV) - And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea. This scripture clearly implies there was only one earth and heaven in existence until its re-creation into a new heaven and new earth after the millennium era of time. We currently live in the first heaven and earth, although there have been changes in the environment.

Note: There are bible scholars that believe there are three phases of heaven and earth. They believe the first phase existed during the age of the dinosaurs. Then, prior to the "dividing of the waters" (prior to Genesis 1:6), there was a flood in which the dinosaurs became extinct in Genesis 1:2. Then God began the second phase by reforming heaven and earth in Genesis 1:6-31 for mankind. Then there is the third phase, God re-creating heaven and earth after the millennium. In effect, these scholars have made the first heaven and earth mentioned in Revelation 21:1, a two phase perception, rather than a single phase - "the first heaven and the first earth". This interpretation of scriptures created the Gap Theory which will be discussed later in this study.

When one catches a glimpse of the earth's creation, the book of Genesis takes a new perspective of truth and the theory of evolution fades.

Once one has a perception of the reality of the Bible, his or her relationship with God's Word ascends to new levels of faith. The Bible becomes a more tangible Word from God.

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The first creative act that began the formation of the earth's physical environment in Genesis 1:6 was the dividing of the waters which covered the entire planet.

The Dividing of the Waters - Creation of the Water Canopy

The creation of the water canopy is a monumental event in changing the physics of the environment on the earth. Understanding these changes will provide insight to original creation of the environment and also provide a common sense perspective between the Bible's account of creation and today's earthly physics we know as factual.

Earth BeginningThe most popular opinion concerning the physical environment for man, animals and plant life did not begin until after God divided the waters on the second day - Genesis 1:6. Prior to that time the earth was formless and void and covered with water. God did not cause dry land to appear until Verse 9.

 

Earth's VaporGenesis 1:9-10 (NIV) - And God said, "Let the water under the sky be gathered to one place, and let dry ground appear." And it was so. (10) God called the dry ground "land," and the gathered waters he called "seas."

"Let the Water under the sky be gathered to one place" - This gathering of the water did not take place until the third day after the dividing of the waters on the second day in Genesis 1:6. Keep this in mind, gathering of the water on the third day was made possible by the dividing of he waters on the second day.

What happen to the earth to make the water gather to one place so dry land would appear?

The dividing of the waters was paramount to creating the proper environment for man, animal and plant life to exist eternally. This event resulted in the appearance of dry land in the form of hills, valleys and surface streams and springs of water flowing to the earth's surface for support of all life. Earth's land mass was no longer covered by water. Therefore this part of the study will take scriptures as they are sequentially presented and consider the earth's environment after the dividing of the waters and prior to the flood of Noah's time, which changed the environment again.

What Are the Primary Physics of the Original Earth After the Waters Were Divided?

This study incorporates some of the many laws of physics. I am a believer who believes God does not violate His laws of physics when He forms or changes the earth or creates a new heaven and new earth in the book of Revelation. I believe God included all material elements for the earth in the beginning which are needed for the habitat of man, animal and plant throughout all biblical time. God never comes back to the earth and adds additional elements, including the end time when He creates a new heaven and earth.

Additional material elements may have been added in small portions when meteorites have impacted the earth. But, these elements have not disrupted the original law of physics set in place by God. Physical laws tells us that matter cannot be destroyed. Molecular structure can be decomposed and re-arranged but matter (atoms and particles) cannot be destroyed. So, all matter on the earth in the beginning is still on the earth today. This includes hydrogen and oxygen which together form water - H2O.

Although I am not a physicist I recall the physics and law of opposing forces. There are two opposing forces at work in the earth. The equilibrium between these two opposing forces was affected by the dividing of the waters on the second day and was the major factor involved in changing the original formless environment. These physical alterations had a impact on the contour of planet's surface, forming hills and valleys on the following day.

First, There is the force of magnetism and gravity. This inward force draws all material elements towards the center of the earth's molten iron core.

Earth Section IllustrationThe molten iron core of the earth creates a gravational inward pull on all atomic matter. Weight of all material on the earth is determined by the varying number of particles in in the structure of atoms. The greater the number of particles in an atom, the greater its density and the greater its weight because there's a stronger draw on the more dense atoms than on the less dense atoms. This is referred to as the atomic weight of the atom. The atomic weight of each molecule is listed on the Periodic Chart we all studied in high school physics class.

Without gravity the earth's material would be weightless. For example, In the outer atmosphere materials become weightless due to the weak gravitational force. Both metal and paper alike are weightless outside the earth's gravitational pull. But, when gravity becomes a force in the scenario, then metal is heavier than paper because atoms forming the metal molecule are denser than the atoms forming the paper molecule.

However, the electromagnetic force that form the atoms in the metal and paper materials is still present in a non-gravity weightless environment. Varying types of particles orbit around the nucleus of the atom by an electromagnetic force. Atoms bond together to form molecules by an electromagnetic force. Then gravity draws all atoms and molecules towards the core or center of the earth.

Without an electro-magnetical force atoms and molecules would not exist. Electromagnetism is the bonding force between sub-atomic particles that form atoms, which form molecules, which form material elements in the earth and molecular elements forming the atmosphere's gases. Magnetism is the bonding force that form the earth's elements and the earth's atmosphere.

This is the main force at work in the earth - magnetism generated by molten iron in the core of the earth creates gravity, and all matter in the earth and above the surface of the earth is magnetically drawn toward the earth's core.

Secondly, the core of the earth is a place of extreme heat created by fusion activity. This extreme heat creates an outward thermal force or pressure which opposes the gravational inward pull of the earth's mantel and crust.

This heat creates an internal pressure inside the earth and radiates outwards and imposes an expansive thermal force (pressure) on the earth's crust. When the outward thermal pressure is greater than the inward gravitational pull on the earth's crust, the crust will expand (the planet swells); resulting in faults and cracks in the earth's surface. Why? Gravity's pull or draw on the material weight of the earth's crust resists thermal pressure and places a boundary on (confines) thermal expansion. A point of equilibrium between the two opposing forces exists when the power of the forces are equal. Equilibrium means the forces are stable. But, when one force becomes greater than its opposing force, the earth's crust trembles until a new point of equilibrium is reached.

If the equilibrium changes through temporary fluctuations in either of the opposing forces, the earth's crust will respond accordingly. Increases in the expansive or inward force cause varying degrees of intensity in earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. Internal expansive pressure is released through established portals (volcanoes) and faults until the excess pressure is released. An example of this type of fluctuation is presented in the following article -

Atlanta Journal-Constitution newspaper dated Tuesday, August 3, 2004

"Rapid melting of Alaska's glaciers is increasing the chances of future earthquakes there, NASA scientists reported Monday.

Decades of warming in the Arctic have triggered the retreat of at least 85 percent of Alaska's 1,500 glaciers. Scientists say the reduced burden of ice on the land makes the underlying cause of earthquakes…….

……..Some Alaskan quakes are associated with the state's more than 40 active volcanoes. Most, however, are the result of strains built up by the collision of the massive tectonic plates that make up the Earth's crust - forces that may be moderated by an overburden of ice.

"We know historically that when big ice masses start to retreat, the number of earthquakes increases," says Jeanne Sauber, a geophysicist at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center……"

Today, scientists are observing increased earthquake and volcanic activity due to a reduction of material weight of the ice when the glaciers melt and the water flows into the seas. Material weight in the form of water (melted glacier ice) is distributed to other areas of the earth's crust, allowing thermal pressure to push through the crust of the earth through faults and portals beneath the glaciers (earthquakes). Shortly afterwards, the earth will rest in this area of the planet. So, although the earth is in a state of continuous flux (regionally) during expansive pressure build-up and release, equilibrium remains constant (globally) because material weight of the crust does not fluctuate. Occasionally, the earth has to exhale, so to speak. However, when the weight of the crust is increased or decreased, then catastrophic changes take place.

The weight of the earth's crust was changed dramatically by the dividing of the waters and the return of the water during Noah's flood.

Understanding the effects of these two opposing forces on the earth's crust are paramount to understanding what happen the the earth's pre-flood and post flood environments.

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Earth's Changes in Land Elevations During the Dividing of the Waters

When God dived the waters in Genesis 1:6 there was a great reduction in the weight of water (burden) on the crust of the earth. This reduced weight altered the equilibrium between opposing forces. The earth's crust expanded until the two opposing forces reached a new equilibrium. Expansion of the earth's mantle caused the crust to crack, forming the first ever tectonic plates and continents. Volcanic activity occurred and lava oozed through the cracks. The overflowing lava formed hills along the many opened seams or faults in the crust. But, there were no high mountains created during this first time expansion of the crust. It was in Noah's time of the flood when high mountains were created as the crust was compressed and continents collided with tectonic plates. Compression of the crust is many times more catastrophic than expansion of the crust.

Thus, the dividing of the waters caused hills to form and allowed water to flowed into the bowels of the earth through open seams in the crust. The alteration in the earth's surface contour caused the remaining water of the sea to accumulate in hill valleys and sea trenches. Concurrently, dry land appeared and a new equilibrium was reached. Dry land would not have occurred apart from the dividing of the waters.

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Was There any Weather Under the Water Canopy?

The most interesting thing about the created environment is realizing the water canopy blocked out the radiant heat of the sun along with cosmic and solar radiation. Weather phenomenon as we know it today did not exist under the canopy.

The radiant heat of the sun is blocked and could not reach the earth's surface. Environmental temperature was determined by the canopy trapping the heat of the earth. Temperature was the same over the entire surface of the planet.

Earth Temperate ZonesWeather, as we experience today, is caused by radiant heat from the sun. Temperatures vary as angles of radiant heat contacting the surface vary. The direct angle (perpendicular to the sun's position) creates the equator. North and south of the equator the radiant heat varies as radiant angles increase. Thus, the equator is the hottest area and the north and south poles are coldest. The poles are iced over and the equator's heat creates the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. Between the two tropic areas is the greatest degree of evaporation and rain. The heated air between the tropics collides with the colder air from the polar regions creating weather phenomenon as we know it today. the warm waters of the tropical areas mixing with the cooler waters in the polar areas create ocean currents which contribute to varying weather conditions. The turbulence of the air streams cause some areas of the earth's surface to have unpredictable and inconsistent weather conditions, resulting in deserts, ice and snow storms, hurricanes, tornados, typhoons, etc.

The water canopy blocked the sun's radian heat. Therefore, there was no equator or polar ice caps. The earth would be encased in a huge terrarium, so to speak. The entire surface of the earth would have a constant tropical-like environment because environmental temperatures would be generated by the earth, not the sun.

All plant and animal life would be protected from harmful cosmic and solar radiation. Plant and animals would grow to very large sizes because of the absence of harmful weather and abundance of food. The environment would be perfect for dinosaur and human life.

Remember, prior to Noah's flood rain had not appeared on the earth. The absence of rain denotes the absence of all weather phenomenon which contributes to precipitation (hot and cold temperate environment with winds).

The Ground and Plant LIfe Was Watered By a Mist

Genesis 2:5-6 (KJV) - And every plant of the field before it was in the earth, and every herb of the field before it grew: for the LORD God had not caused it to rain upon the earth, and there was not a man to till the ground. (6) But there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground.

In order for the mist from the earth to water the whole face of the ground (earth) then the heat of the sun did not "burn off" the mist. Thus, the mist had to be protected from the radiant heat of the sun. The mist was a constant part of the environment of the earth under the water canopy, much like a terrarium.

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Earth's Changes in Land Elevations During the Flood of Noah's Time - The Formation of Mountains

Evidence for the Existence of the Water Canopy Which Returned to the Earth.

The following scriptures validate no rain occurring prior to the flood.

Genesis 9:15-17 (KJV) - And I will remember my covenant, which is between me and you and every living creature of all flesh; and the waters shall no more become a flood to destroy all flesh. (16) And the bow shall be in the cloud; and I will look upon it, that I may remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is upon the earth. (17) And God said unto Noah, This is the token of the covenant, which I have established between me and all flesh that is upon the earth.

"The waters shall no more become a flood" - This phrase indicates this to be a unique statement because the flood was a first time event. Therefore, when God said there would never be another flood, it too is unique.

"Bow shall be in the cloud", "Token of the covenant" - These statements are also unique because there was never a rainbow to be seen prior to this time because it never rained. Additionally, the rainbow was to be a unique sign which would appear only in the clouds. Had there been other rainbows seen by Noah and his family prior to the flood, then the sign of the rainbow would not be unique to this covenant. Apart from the rainbow, the family of Noah would have lived in fear that another flood may come upon them. The rainbow had to be a unique sign for steadfast faith in God's covenant.

Therefore, since the rainbow is seen because of the sun's rays reflecting off prevailing water molecules in the atmosphere released by the cloud during condensation. Thus, prior to the flood there were no rainbows to be seen. This phenomenon validates the presence of the water canopy which prohibited weather prior to the flood, otherwise rain would have occurred and rainbows seen.

Earth's Volume of Water Never Changes

The volume of water on the earth and in the atmosphere today is the same as it was in the beginning. As previously mentioned, I personally believe in the beginning God included all the elements He would ever need for future modifications of the earth's environment.

Prior to the Floor - How much water was on the face of the earth from the seas? Currently, there's enough sea water volume on the planet to cover it to a sphere depth of 2,686 meters (8,810 feet) or 1.67 miles. Sphere depth is based on a non-mountainous surface with no deep valleys on the planet. This is the same condition as was in the beginning prior to the dividing of the waters.

Excerpt from Encyclopedia Britannia, "Ocean - Continental Shelf" - When viewed from space, the predominance of the oceans on the Earth is readily apparent. The oceans and their marginal seas cover nearly 71 percent of the Earth's surface, with an average depth of 3,795 meters (12,450 feet). The exposed land occupies the remaining 29 percent of the planetary surface and has a mean elevation of only 840 meters (2,756 feet). Actually, all the elevated land could be hidden under the oceans if the Earth is reduced to a smooth sphere, it would be completely covered by a continuous layer of seawater 2,686 meters deep. This calculation is known as the sphere depth of the oceans and serves to underscore the abundance of water on the Earth's surface.

The contributing weight from this covering of water upon the earth's crust would be 275 tons per square foot column (12"x12"x1.67 miles x 62.43 lbs. per cubic foot.

The 40 days of torrential rain returned the water above the firmament to the earth. This greatly added to the the overall weight of the earth's crust and a new equilibrium had to be reached. It could be said the original equilibrium prior to the dividing of the waters was re-established. During this adjustment of equilibrium, the earth's crust was compressed because the weight of the returning water to the crust much greater than the thermal expansive force from the core's heat. This compression of the crust caused continents and tectonic plates to collide which greatly increased mountain elevations and valley depressions. This was the most chaotic event ever in the history of the earth.

Genesis 7:19-20 (KJV) - And the waters prevailed exceedingly upon the earth; and all the high hills, that were under the whole heaven, were covered. (20) Fifteen cubits upward did the waters prevail; and the mountains were covered.

Verse 19 uses the word "high hills" describing the waters covering the existing high hills. Then in verse 20 the word "mountains" is first used describing the waters continued rising until the mountains were covered to a depth of 15 cubits (20 feet). During the six months of the flood prevailing rise of flood waters, elevations of the high hills rose into mountains, as the earth's crust was compressed. This was a time of great chaotic ocean turbulence caused by continent and tectonic plate movement.

Noah's Flood Greatly Increased Existing Surface Elevations - Hills became mountains and valleys became deeper.

Today with mountain elevations exceeding 29,000 feet above sea level, the current mountain elevations increased considerably during the return of the water canopy back to the earth. Compression of the crust was a much greater force than expansion of the crust during the dividing of the waters. Mountains thrust upward as plates subducted beneath the edges of the continents forming very high mountain ranges; and other tectonic plates collided with each other (no subduction action, just head-on collisions) forming lower mountain elevations along the tectonic seams or fault lines.

We know the flood occurred, made possible as the volume of water on the earth today is the same as it was prior to the dividing of water in Genesis 1:6. Although today's mountain peaks (29,000 feet +-) cannot possibly be covered by today's volume of water, the high hills under the water canopy could be covered and were covered by the flood. The high hills prior to the flood increased to mountains as the earth's crust was compressed. Noah was in the ark for 10 months and 14 days, the time required for the rising of flood waters and time required for the waters to abate and flow into the much lower and deeper sea trenches. As the waters shifted into the lower elevations, there was additional earthquake activity caused by a concentration of the water weight in areas where sea depth increased, such as the Mariana Trench and along the Pacific Rim of the Asian continent. Theses trenches are the deepest elevations of the oceans.

With a common sense perspective, incorporating the laws of earth's physics, we can perceive a picture of tremendous and chaotic earthquake activity during the flood.

Therefore all hill elevations prior to the flood had elevations that did not exceed 840 meters (2,756 feet) because all the hills were covered by the flood to a depth of 15 cubits (20 feet). Mountain elevations of today occurred during and after the flood while the waters abated from the earth's surface into the deeper areas of the crust.

Noah's Time in the Ark - The Flood Prevailed for 150 Days

The day Noah entered the ark - Genesis 7:11 (NIV) - In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, on the seventeenth day of the second month -- on that day all the springs of the great deep burst forth, and the floodgates of the heavens were opened.

The day Noah came out of the ark - Genesis 8:13-16 (NIV) - By the first day of the first month of Noah's six hundred and first year, the water had dried up from the earth. Noah then removed the covering from the ark and saw that the surface of the ground was dry. (14) By the twenty-seventh day of the second month the earth was completely dry. (15) Then God said to Noah, (16) "Come out of the ark, you and your wife and your sons and their wives.

Noah was in the ark for 10 months and 14 days. The flood prevailed (remained) for 150 days - Genesis 7:24 (KJV) - And the waters prevailed upon the earth an hundred and fifty days. The rest of the time Noah was in the ark, the ground was drying out and plant life was growing. Then God called to Noah and told him to leave the ark.

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Additional Evidence for the Flood Waters Compressing the Earth's Surface

How much pressure was exerted on the earth's surface when the canopy collapsed? Well, it can't be calculated because we don't know how much water was placed above the firmament. But, to illustrate the tremendous pressure exerted by the water canopy falling back to the earth, the following example is presented -

An example of illustrating forty days and nights of torrential rain, a very conservative estimation of torrential rain sufficient to make a significant contribution to flooding the earth could be 12" per hour. I personally believe the actually amount of water that fell during the 40 days of rain was much greater.

Forty days and nights of rain at 12" per hour would yield a depth of water equal to 24 feet per day. During the forty days of rain this would equal 960 feet of water, equivalent to 10.9 % of the existing sphere depth of 2,686 meters (8,810 feet), the same sphere depth that existed prior to the dividing of the waters. This translates to one fifth of the sphere depth. Obviously, using 12" of rain per hour (10.9% of total water volume) is a very conservative example for illustrating the amount of water God placed above the firmament. This example of flooding considers only the 40 days and nights of rain fall and does not consider all the water gushing upward from the earth's crust (bowels) from the compression of the earth's crust by the weight of the water from the collapsing canopy. The waters in the bowels of the earth were already on the earth and would not contribute to increasing the compressive burden on the earth's crust, but would contribute to the flood level.

Data concerning actual sea water depths today -

Excerpt from Encyclopedia Britannia, "Ocean" - The average depth of the ocean (today's oceans) is 3.7 km (2.3 miles). From the continental shelf break, which commonly lies at depths between 100 and 200 m (330 to 660 feet), the continental slope descends to extensive abyssal plains. Approximately 75 percent of the ocean floor falls within the depth range of 3 to 6 km, and only about 1 percent lies deeper. The deepest waters occur in relatively narrow trenches, mostly associated with Pacific island arcs, the maximum depth recorded being 11,034 m in the Mariana Trench.

Even using this conservative analysis of rain fall, at 62.43 pounds per cubic foot of earth surface, the gravitational force or weight of the rain (960 feet deep) upon the earth's surface would be 59,932 pounds (30 tons) per square foot column . This is tremendous additional weight and pressure applied to the earth's crust and plates. During the flood this would compress the earth's crust and restructure the equilibrium between the outward thermal pressure from the earth's core and the inward gravitational force. Under this compressive force continental plates would collide head-on, creating the highest of mountains. Tectonic plates dove beneath the continental plates creating lower elevation mountain ranges. Subduction physics reveal there would be tremendous volcanic activity.

Plate Collisions: (Excerpt from Encyclopedia Britannica). It is in subduction zones that the difference between plates carrying oceanic and continental crust can be most clearly seen. If both plates have oceanic edges, either one may dive beneath the other; but, if one carries a continent, the greater buoyancy of the continent prevents this edge from sinking. Thus, invariably the oceanic plate with no continent is the one subducted. Continents are permanently preserved in this manner, while the ocean floor continuously renews itself. If plates possess a continental edge, neither can be subducted and a complex sequence of events from crumpling to under-and-over thrusting raises lofty mountain ranges. Much later, after these ranges have been largely leveled by erosion, their remains continue as a reminder that this is the “suture” where continents were once fused.

The Flood Created Deep Sediment Layers From Erosion of Soil From Lofty Mountains

Author's synopsis - The very deep layer of soil that was on top of the bed rock was a part of the upward thrust of the earth plates which caused the high mountain ranges. This soil eroded with the retreat of the flood waters. Water laden soil caused landslides as the plates thrust upward. The soil continuously eroded for yeas afterward with each rain. This eroded sediment settled in the lower areas creating massive flat plains around the mountain ranges. This accumulation of soil and sediment buried the dinosaurs and formed sedimentary rock layers containing dinosaur fossils. Fossils are only found in sedimentary rock layers.

The erosion of soil from the upward thrust edges of the plates (tops of mountains) exposed the bedrock of the mountains which is seen today at the higher parts of mountain ranges. This is referred to as the "tree line" meaning there's insufficient soil for trees to form roots.

Since there was no rain prior to Noah's flood there was no erosion of the high hills and therefore no sedimentary rock formations. All sedimentary rock was formed during and after Noah's flood. Thus, all dinosaur fossils are found in sedimentary rock, indicating the dinosaurs died in Noah's flood.

Author's comments on Gap Theory Observation (click here)

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The Upward Thrust of Mt. Ararat Lifted Noah's Ark. This is how the ark came to rest atop the mountain.

The place of the ark's landing is Mt. Ararat according to the Bible. Mt. Ararat's elevation prior to the flood must have been less than 2,276 meters (sphere depth of the ocean at 2,686 meters) because it was covered with fifteen cubits of water (approximately 26 feet). It is evident that the mountains were formed during the flood, including Mt. Ararat. The current elevations of Mt. Ararat's two peaks are as follows - Little Ararat at 12,782 feet and Great Ararat at 16,784 feet. So, it evident that there was tremendous volcanic and earthquake activity during Noah's days in the ark, a time period of 10 months.

Author's synopsis - Many scholars do not believe Noah's Ark is positioned on the top of Mt. Ararat because there's insufficient volume of water on the earth today to have covered it's peak of 16,784 feet and still cover the entire planet at the same time. To them this scenario is too much of a stretch. On the other hand, when considering Mt. Ararat was formed during the flood and eventually rose up beneath the Ark during the 10 months and 14 days that Noah was in the Ark, then the ark's landing on Mt. Ararat is understood. I believe it is prudent and important to perceive today's high mountain elevations forming during Noah's flood.

If bible scholars would not doubt the scriptures and seek to understand what happen using the law of physics, maybe their eyes could be open to the flood as being factual. If so, their whole perspective of God's Word would forever be changed and they would be blessed!

This precept of mountain formation is the greatest reason for not believing in the gap theory. It appears that the growth of the mountains and changes in the earth's surface contour occurred in two phases, after the dividing of the waters in Verse 6 (after the gap theory) and during and after Noah's flood. Noah was shut in the ark for 10 months and 14 days while these changes to the earth's surface and environment occurred.

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How did God get the canopy of water to fall within the forty day and night time period?

Author's comments on Water Canopy for discussion on water canopy magnetic polarity and how God caused the water canopy to orbit the earth (click here)

It could be He gradually weaken the magnetic polarity of the water canopy or even gradually reversing the polarity of the canopy until the water could no longer stay aloft.

The gradual release of the water canopy during the flood can be seen in the Hebrew language.

Genesis 7:11 (KJV) - In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.

"Windows" (Strong's Concordance / Hebrew) #699 'arubbah (ar-oob-baw'); a lattice; (by implication) a window, dove-cot (because of the pigeon-holes), chimney (with its apertures for smoke), sluice (with openings for water).

The windows of heaven are like windows covered with lattice, allowing water to pass through gradually. Without the control of the lattice the water would fallen suddenly and all at once, which would of course crush every thing on earth including Noah and the ark. Even the earth's surface would be greatly impacted under such a great force (30 tons per square foot falling at 120 miles per hour). But, for the sake of the earth and Noah and his family, God gradually release the water canopy over a period of 40 days and nights.

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The Fallacy of using Carbon-14 Dating to Determine the Age of Fossils -

The Gap Theory is a weak grasping of scriptural data meant to fit the age of the dinosaurs into Biblical data. This theory was established because gap theorists believe Carbon 14 dating methods are correct. Evolutionists and gap theorists believe Carbon 14 production and decay is scientifically based and consistent (as observed today) since the earth's creation. The affects of the water canopy on Carbon 14 production is not taken into consideration. Therefore, the Carbon 14 dating formula is flawed for determining the real age of dinosaurs. So, gap theorists should re-think their interpretation of Genesis 1:2. Acquiring a deeper understanding of the physical changes in the earth and the earth's environment caused by the dividing of the waters. The gap theorists should realize (1) Carbon 14 dating is unreliable and (2) the dinosaurs existed all over the earth during the time of the Garden of Eden, which is a small area in the area between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. The Bible is true and is supported by the laws of physics!

Carbon-14 Dating Method. Is it reliable method of dating fossils?

The following discussion on Carbon 14 dating is taken from "Bone Of Contention" by Sylvia Baker; © Evangelical Press 1976

Methods used in dating fossils are formulas based in radioactive measurements. The most used method for dating fossils is the Carbon -14 method (named after the radioactive isotope of carbon). This theory of dating assumes two things -

1. That Carbon - 14 is in equilibrium in the atmosphere. Meaning, it is broken down at the same rate that it is being produced. However, calculations made to test this assumption suggest that Carbon - 14 is being produced at nearly one third faster than it is disintegrating.

2. That the ratio of Carbon -14 to ordinary carbon has always been constant.

Carbon 14 (14c) is produced as follows:

1. Cosmic rays bombard the upper atmosphere producing fast moving neutrons.

2. These neutrons collide with atmospheric nitrogen atoms producing Carbon - 14 (14c).

3. Carbon - 14, like ordinary carbon, combines with oxygen to produce carbon dioxide (CO2). Vegetation absorbs CO2 containing 14c during photosynthesis.

4. Since animals feed on vegetation, 14c is added to their bodies at the rate of one 14c atom in 1,000,000,000,000 atoms absorbed.

5. After death this ratio will slowly decrease, since 14c continues to decay without being replenished by feeding.

Dividing of the Waters - How the canopy of water above the firmament affects the theory of dating

The water canopy above the firmament in Genesis 1:6 shielded the earth from the radiant heat of the sun and cosmic radiation providing an environment suitable for living eternally.

This being the case, cosmic radiation would have been reflected back into the atmosphere or absorbed by the water canopy and the amount of fast moving neutrons reaching earth's atmosphere would have been significantly less. Thus, the amount of 14c would have been much less than what is being produced now. When the water canopy collapsed during the flood, the cosmic radiation reaching the earth would have greatly increased and a great increase in the production of 14c would have occurred. So, the ratio of 14c to ordinary carbon would not have been constant since the beginning. There would have been much less 14c in the atmosphere prior to the flood.

Carbon - 14 dating is reliable up to approximately 4,500 years ago.

A fossil that contains very little Carbon -14 is not necessarily of a great age, since the animal may have lived prior to the flood under the water canopy. (End of quote).

Thus, Carbon -14 dating is an inaccurate method of dating fossils and other materials older than 4,500 years. It is therefore prudent to not take Carbon -14 dating as scientific fact.

Today's Carbon -14 dating formula does not take into consideration the existence of the water canopy. Was there a water canopy? Yes! Additional proof to follow in this document.

Whether or not the gap theory is a correct view of the beginning of creation is of little importance when considering the intent and counsel of God's Word, which is the birth and building up of faith in God as the Creator and Provider of eternal life. Genesis is not written in a way as to satisfy the reader's curiosity. Else, I believe Genesis would include a scientific presentation of the beginning.

When the believer hears the many controversies concerning the beginning of the heavens and earth, it is important to remember God authored Genesis to provide an understanding of man's creation and the relationship between man and God. The physical aspects of the original creation are briefly mentioned and was pertinent to providing a physical environment for man. But, detailed information is not provided. None the less, some scholars seek to gather enough data from Genesis for a deeper perspective of earth's creation. To those seekers, this rest of this document is dedicated.

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The Gap Theory

There are many scholarly opinions concerning the beginning physical environment of the earth. Some believe the Bible tells us the earth was destroyed by a flood and became empty and void in Genesis 1:2 (KJV). This particular interpretation of the above scripture established the "gap" theory. This interpretation assumes there was an undocumented time period between Verse 1 and Verse 2 when the dinosaurs existed. Then there was a flood in which the dinosaurs became extinct. The basis for this interpretation is centered on the Hebrew word for "was" in Genesis 1:2.

Earth BeginningGenesis 1:2 (KJV) - And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.

"Was" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #1961 - hayah (haw-yaw); a primitive root; to exist, i.e. be or become, come to pass.

The Hebrew root word "hayah" means to "exist", "be or become." So, it is not specifically required that the proper interpretation state the earth was formless and void at the exact time of the creation in Verse 1 or that it became formless and void many, many years later. Hayah can be used in both ways. Scholars attempting to fit the dinosaurs into the scriptures choose to believe the earth became formless and void, opening the door to another earth formation prior to Genesis 1:2.

Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on Genesis 1:2:

Keil & Delitzsch Commentary - "And the earth was waste and void." The alliterative nouns tohu vabohu, the etymology of which is lost, signify waste and empty (barren), but not laying waste and desolating. Whenever they are used together in other places (Isa 34:11; Jer 4:23), they are taken from this passage; but tohu alone is frequently employed as synonymous with 'ayin (OT:369), non-existence, and hebel (OT:1893), nothingness (Isa 40:17,23; 49:4). The coming earth was at first waste and desolate, a formless, lifeless mass, rudis indigestaque moles, hu'lee a'morfos (Wisdom 11:17) or cha'os.

Keil & Delitzsch are in the group of scholars which adhere to the interpretation that the earth was "formless and void" at the time of the original creation. They do not believe the earth became formless and void at a later time, prior to day one of God's creative work of rearranging things for the habitat of man, plants and nature. This view of creation does not allow another time for the existence of the dinosaurs other the time of Adam in pre-flood earth.

If a scholar believes the science of dating materials is accurate and thinks dinosaurs lived millions and millions years ago, then the gap theory provides a way to fit the dinosaurs into the biblical history. I believe this is the underlying rationale for the gap theory. But, what if there is a problem with the dating method? If so, attempting to fit dinosaurs into Genesis 1:2 becomes a muddled endeavor.

The gap theory presents a few interesting observations. These are additional comments not previously discussed.

Gap Theorists believe the dinosaurs existed between Genesis 1:1 and 1:2. Their theory suggests the flood waters of Genesis 1:2 destroyed the dinosaurs. If the gap theory is correct, then there had to be land for dinosaurs and plant life. So, from where did all the water required for flooding the earth come, when the earth became void and without form.

Was there another water canopy under which the dinosaurs and plant life existed? Was there a previous water canopy prior to Genesis 1:2?

This picture requires a belief that this first canopy was collapsed and the earth was flooded in the same way that Noah's flood occurred. This picture presents a problem because returning the water to the earth to eradicated all life would have compressed the earth's crust and caused tremendous changes in the earth's land elevations. There would be mountains that could not have been covered by the volume of water on the earth today. So, the water in Genesis 1:2 would not have covered the surface of the planet. Some land mass would have been present. Then dry land would have been present prior to Genesis 1:9. This of course would create another controversy concerning the creation.

Was there no water canopy prior to Genesis 1:2?

This picture requires a belief that sufficient water was lacking in the original creation of heaven and earth, so God added additional water volume when the time arrived for eradicating the dinosaurs. In this picture the earth would have been exposed to the sun's radiant heat and cosmic radiation. Plant life would be the same size and in abundance as it is today. Which of course is insufficient for large animal sustenance. Additionally, the polar areas would have been iced over and not suitable for warm blooded animal survival.

Gap Theorists fail to study the physical science of the earth as a result of God dividing the waters. Having accepted Carbon-14 as a reliable scientific measurement of time, they attempt to fit the dinosaurs into biblical scriptures concerning the beginning before God divided the waters. But, they do not realize Carbon 14 dating is faulty concerning the time of pre-flood earth because the water canopy affected the amount of Carbon 14 naturally produced and absorbed by plant life, which is then eaten by animals and absorbed by their bones.

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Second Heaven and Earth - Phase Two

One of the great influences for believing the water canopy existed prior to the flood is seen in the formation of the second heaven and earth in the book of Revelation. What God did in the beginning when He created heaven and earth, He will do in the end of time when He re-creates heaven and earth. The first event parallels the last event!

The Earth's Environment When God Returns 

God reveals cold and heat; summer and winter will follow after the flood in the following declaration in Genesis 8:22 (NIV) - "As long as the earth endures, seedtime and harvest, cold and heat, summer and winter, day and night will never cease."

"As long as the earth endures" reveals post flood earth environment will exist until the new heavens and new earth are created in Revelation 21:1 (NIV) - Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and there was no longer any sea. There are three subjects in the above mentioned verse; a new heaven, a new earth and the sea. All three subjects are environmental elements. The new earth will not have a sea. Since the new heaven and new earth will be structured to accommodate eternal life on the earth, then an environment similar to the one in the Garden of Eden will be re-created.

"New" (Strong's Concordance - Greek Lexicon) #2537 kainos (kahee-nos'); of uncertain affinity; new (especially in freshness; while #3501 is properly so with respect to age)

#3501 neos (neh'-os); including the comparative neoteros (neh-o'-ter-os); a primary word; "new", i.e. (of persons) youthful, or (of things) fresh; figuratively, regenerate

The new heaven and earth will be a regeneration of the existing heaven and earth. God will take what has always been here and reform it to make a suitable environment for eternal life on the planet.

Then God will return to the earth with the New Jerusalem. However, the physical environment of the new earth will be an improvement over the one in the Garden of Eden, as God uses all the sea water, as the new earth environment will have no sea.

Where did all the sea water go? I believe God uses the waters again to form another canopy over the earth, New Jerusalem and the glory of God. The canopy will be positioned in the same orbit as the first canopy in Genesis. Both the first water canopy and the new water canopy are for the purpose of establishing an eternal environment where no death or decay are present. Only this time God uses all the sea water forming a canopy through which the light of the sun, moon or stars cannot penetrate, as their light did in the Garden of Eden.

Revelation 21:23 (KJV) - And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof.

Revelation 22:5 (KJV) - And there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, neither light of the sun; for the Lord God giveth them light: and they shall reign for ever and ever.

What would be the depth of the water canopy over the New Jerusalem and the earth?

The canopy would require an orbital altitude above the earth's surface sufficient to cover over the New Jerusalem.

Revelation 21:16 (KJV) - And the city lieth foursquare, and the length is as large as the breadth: and he measured the city with the reed, twelve thousand furlongs. The length and the breadth and the height of it are equal.

Using today's table of measures eight furlongs equal one mile. Therefore, the New Jerusalem was 1500 miles X 1500 miles X 1500 miles

To calculate the area of the canopy will require adding to the diameter of the earth a minimum distance of 2125 miles, an approximate distance sufficient for an arch segment of the canopy to cover the top corners of the 1500 mile cube of the New Jerusalem. 

Excerpt from Encyclopedia Britannica -  The fifth largest planet of the solar system, the Earth has an equatorial circumference of 40,076 km (24,902 miles), an equatorial radius of 6,378 km (3,963 miles), a polar radius of 6,357 km (3,950 miles), and a mean radius of 6,371 km (3,960 miles). The planet's total surface area is roughly 509,600,000 square km (197,000,000 square miles), of which about 29 percent, or 148,000,000 square km (57,000,000 square miles), is land. The balance of the surface is covered by the oceans and smaller seas. The Earth has a mass of 5.976 ´ 1027 grams (or roughly 6 ´ 1021 metric tons) and a mean density of 5.517 grams per cubic cm (0.2 pound per cubic inch).

The new mean radius of the canopy would be 6,085 miles (3,960 miles existing radius of the earth plus an additional 2,125 miles). The surface area of the canopy would than be approximately 303,000,000 square miles, an increase of 106,000,000 squares miles greater than the earth's existing surface, mathematically using a reciprocal ratio calculation correlating radius to surface area.

Today there is enough water to cover the mean surface area of the earth (197,000,000 square miles) to a depth of 8,810 feet. Therefore, if God removes the sea and uses all the water to establish a new canopy (303,000,000 square miles), the depth of the new canopy of water would be approximately 5,728 feet, again using a reciprocal calculation.

If the depth of the water canopy is approximately 5,728 feet, then the light of the sun, moon and stars could not penetrate to light the earth. All light from the sun and moon would be refracted or reflected back into space. If one were on the moon looking at the earth, the planet would have an appearance like a smooth and brilliant deep blue surface because there would be no clouds. So, the earth's canopy would appear as a brilliant jewel.

What are the scriptures that reveal a canopy over the New Jerusalem?

New Heaven and EarthIsaiah 4:2-6 (NIV) In that day the Branch of the LORD will be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the land will be the pride and glory of the survivors in Israel. (3) Those that are left in Zion, who remain in Jerusalem, will be called holy, all who are recorded among the living in Jerusalem. (4) The Lord will wash away the filth of the women of Zion; he will cleanse the bloodstains from Jerusalem by a spirit of judgment and a spirit of fire. (5) Then the LORD will create over all of Mount Zion and over those who assemble there a cloud of smoke by day and a glow of flaming fire by night; over all the glory will be a canopy. (6) It will be a shelter and shade from the heat of the day, and a refuge and hiding place from the storm and rain.

Verse 2 & 4 - “In that day”; “The Lord will …..cleanse the bloodstains from Jerusalem by a spirit of judgment and a spirit of fire” – These scriptures speak of the day God will judge and cleanse Jerusalem. This is of course, the end time judgment.

Verse 5-“Mount Zion” - (Strong's Concordance / Hebrew) #6726 Tsiyown (tsee-yone'); the same (regularly) as #6725; Tsijon (as a permanent capital), a mountain of Jerusalem.

Mount Zion is a mountain in Jerusalem and is noted as the permanent capital of Israel in “that day”. During the millennium Jerusalem will be the permanent capital of all the earth. This precept will never change. Even as the throne of David was established forever, Jerusalem is established forever as a permanent capital of Israel. After the millennium period passes, God will come to the earth with the New Jerusalem and it will also be the everlasting permanent capital and seat of government in the earth. The New Jerusalem will be positioned and located above today's Jerusalem and Temple Mount. It will be the new Mount Zion.

#6725 tsiyuwn (tsee-yoon'); in the sense of conspicuousness [compare #5329]; a monumental or guiding pillar.

Mount Zion will be a conspicuous monumental guiding structure for all the people who survived the end time judgment. The New Jerusalem will be conspicuous as it will rise 1500 miles above the surface of the earth. 

#5329 natsach (naw-tsakh'); a primitive root; properly, to glitter from afar, i.e. to be eminent; to be permanent.

Mount Zion / New Jerusalem will permanently glitter from a far distance with the glory of God, as mentioned in verse 5.

Revelation 21:23 (KJV) - And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof. The glory of God and the Lamb will light the entire planet.

Revelation 22:5 (KJV) - And there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, neither light of the sun; for the Lord God giveth them light: and they shall reign for ever and ever. The glory of God thru the Lamb will radiant beneath the canopy and reflect back to the earth off the inside surface of the water canopy covering the entire surface of the earth. There will be no night. No one will need a candle.

Obviously, Isaiah is seeing into the future when the end time judgment and purging of those who reject God is complete and God returns to the earth with the New Jerusalem (Mt. Zion).

Verse 5 (Con't) - “Over those who assemble there a cloud of smoke by day and a glow of flaming fire by night." The cloud of smoke and pillar of fire by night, traditionally, was the way God protected Israel during their stay in the desert, having left Egypt. The cloud of smoke and pillar of fire was instrumental in Israel's exodus from Egypt.

Exodus 14:19-20 (NIV) - Then the angel of God, who had been traveling in front of Israel's army, withdrew and went behind them. The pillar of cloud also moved from in front and stood behind them, (20) coming between the armies of Egypt and Israel.

The cloud and pillar of fire protected the Israelites as they departed from Egypt. The covering of the cloud was a defense against Israel’s enemies. When the Israelites settled in one place the cloud of smoke and pillar of fire became their covering of protection.

Exodus 13:21-22 (NIV) - By day the LORD went ahead of them in a pillar of cloud to guide them on their way and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, so that they could travel by day or night. (22) Neither the pillar of cloud by day nor the pillar of fire by night left its place in front of the people.

The cloud and pillar of fire guided them in the day and night as they journeyed through the desert, protecting them from their enemies and protecting them from harsh environmental elements. The pillar of fire was the Holy Spirit. Neither the cloud nor the pillar of fire ever left its place of covering the people. It was permanently placed for the duration of their journey and habitation in the desert. 

The precept of God covering over His people with divine protection and provisional care had its origin in Genesis when God made covenant with Abraham, then in Exodus after Moses commanded the people to sprinkle the lamb’s blood on the door posts and frames of each house. The blood covering was also a canopy of protection against death, even as Jesus' blood covering is a canopy of protection against death. Likewise, God will cover over the New Jerusalem city with a canopy of protection from death caused by the physical elements of cosmic and solar radiation. It will be the eternal habitat for God's family.

Verse 5 & 6 (Con't) - “Over all the glory will be a canopy”……"Shelter and shade from the heat of the day, and a refuge and hiding place from the storm and rain." After the end time judgment and cleansing of Israel, the Lord will establish a canopy over the glory of God. The glory of God will be beneath the water canopy. This canopy will be a shelter and shade from the heat of the day, and a refuge and hiding place from the storm and rain because it blocks out the radiant heat of the sun. Even as it has always been, God's canopies establish a refuge and hiding place for God’s people.

The KJV uses the word “defense” instead of “canopy”- 

“Defense” – (Strong’s Concordance – Hebrew) #2646 chuppah (khoop-paw'); from #2645; a canopy.

Use in KJV - chamber, closet, defense.

#2645 chaphah (khaw-faw'); a primitive root; to cover; by implication, to veil, to encase, protect.

Use in KJV - ceil, cover, overlay.

Canopy is a good word to illustrate the future structure of the earth, after God recreates the earth to provide a physical environment for eternal life. The canopy will be a covering of defense against harmful physical elements from the cosmos. The canopy will overlay the New Jerusalem and the glory of God radiating from within the city. This is a tremendous perception of covering over the New Jerusalem, in which, God and Christ are there. This will be a environmental canopy for eternal life. The earth will be a refuge and hiding place in the universe.

Review:

By incorporating known laws of physics one can see how the physical eternal environment for the Garden of Eden might have been structured. Having a precept of what might have happen to that environment after Noah's flood and seeing how God may create a new heaven and earth by placing water above the firmament once again, provides a sensible perspective of how the eternal habitat for God's family might be physically structured.

In the final analysis having a sensible perspective of the future earth and heaven does edify faith in the Word of God as being absolute, lacking nothing. The Bible has no contradictions and no controversies. Contradiction and controversy is form in the minds of men due to a lack of knowledge.

Hopefully, this study contributes to forming an overall big picture of the Bible and the Bible becomes more clear and strengthens faith in God as the sole Author.

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Chapter 5

SUMMARY -

 

1. Man is created in the image of love (God), therefore, he was created to have a counterpart.

2. The proper image of love is the image of God. Therefore, God also desires a counterpart in the earth. LIkewise, His counterpart must also be created from the side of man - The Son of Man, the Incarnate God in human form.

3. Theological Points to Remember -

a. Love was the basis for creation - love needs a counterpart. Love for Christ is the basis for re-creation or rebirth.

John 3:16 (KJV) - For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

b. As man wills himself to the work of Christ in his life, it must be done with love for God. This is the bride's (church) responsibility because agape love is the basis of the bride's relationship with the groom, who is Christ.

c. Transforming the mind is greatly enhanced by perceiving yourself as a spiritual being have human experiences. This is a greater reality (truth) than perceiving yourself as a human being striving to have spiritual experiences.

4. Compare Christianity with Other Religions - Jesus is the Way to God

John 14:6 (KJV) - Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.

Jesus was the only man ever to make this bold statement, that no man can come to God except through Him. But, there are other unique things about Jesus when comparing Him to other proclaimed prophets of God, around who other religious systems were established.

a. Jesus' Suffering

Jesus willing died as the Sacrificial Lamb of God for the sins of mankind. Jesus was not a prophet who decided to become a martyr. Jesus had the authority to stop his own death, but his will was to do the will of God rather than do his own will. His will was to die for the sins of mankind.

Luke 22:42 (NIV) - "Father, if you are willing, take this cup from me; yet not my will, but yours be done." (Jesus in this verse is referring to the cup of suffering associated with his taking on the sins of mankind and his crucifixion.)

"If you are willing, take this cup from me" - this reveals the human / flesh nature of Jesus desiring to avoid the suffering to be endured. This fact, alone, is enough to see that Jesus did not desire to become a martyr. Jesus submitted to the sufferings of the cross because it was God's will for Him to do so.

Matthew 27:50 (NIV) - And when Jesus had cried out again in a loud voice, he gave up his spirit.

Jesus was not killed by the chief priests and the Roman soldiers. He gave up his spirit into the hands of God willingly and on his own accord. They orchestrated the crucifixion process, but they did not kill him. He willingly died.

b. Jesus' Death

Jesus could have stopped the Roman guards and the chief priests from arresting him.

John 10:17-18 (NIV) - The reason my Father loves me is that I lay down my life-- only to take it up again. (18) No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord. I have authority to lay it down and authority to take it up again. This command I received from my Father."

Matthew 26:53-54 (NIV) - Do you think I cannot call on my Father, and he will at once put at my disposal more than twelve legions of angels? (54) But how then would the scriptures be fulfilled that say it must happen in this way?" 

Jesus had the authority and a multitude of angles to respond to his command to stop those who were coming to arrest him and to crucify him. Jesus was not a martyr seeking to please God. Jesus was the "once for all" blood sacrifice of God, the true Paschal Lamb. God through Jesus was fulfilling Old Testament prophesy! On the same night that Jesus submitted himself into the hands of darkness, on the night of the Passover meal, Moses also killed the Paschal Lamb and sprinkled its blood on the door frames and posts of the Israelites, protecting the firstborn sons of the Israelite families from the death angel. Any firstborn son not covered by the blood of the lamb was struck down by the death angel. God orchestrated Jesus' arrest to occur on this same evening. Why? Because early on the morning of the next day, the blood of Jesus would be spilled for the sins of mankind. Mankind would have a way to leave the bondage of sin, even as the Israelites left the bondage of slavery in a land of darkness. This is one of the greatest prophetic foreshadows in the Old Testament and Jesus was fulfilling that foreshadow. Jesus was not setting himself up as a martyr! Jesus is the real deal!! Was there ever another prophet who claimed to die for the sins of mankind so the people could be set free from spiritual death? No!

c. Jesus' Resurrection

If those who accept Jesus as the true Messiah of God were to believe that the words of Jesus were to lead to eternal life in the kingdom of God, then his resurrection from death must be demonstrated to exhibit this one great truth - a life lived in Christ overcomes death. Three days after His death on the cross, the tomb in which He was buried was opened supernaturally, and He rose from the dead.

Matthew 27:62-66 (NIV) - The next day, the one after Preparation Day, the chief priests and the Pharisees went to Pilate. (63) "Sir," they said, "we remember that while he was still alive that deceiver said, 'After three days I will rise again.' (64) So give the order for the tomb to be made secure until the third day. Otherwise, his disciples may come and steal the body and tell the people that he has been raised from the dead. This last deception will be worse than the first." (65) "Take a guard," Pilate answered. "Go, make the tomb as secure as you know how." (66) So they went and made the tomb secure by putting a seal on the stone and posting the guard.

The Jews did not believe Jesus to be the Messiah of God and created a plan to prevent them from devising a deception of resurrection. So, they got Pilate to approve the posting of Roman guards to ensure there would be no hoax of the resurrection. They did not want the followers of Christ to be able to claim his resurrection from the dead. But, Jesus rose from the dead despite their efforts.

Matthew 28:11-15 (NIV) - While the women were on their way, some of the guards went into the city and reported to the chief priests everything that had happened. (12) When the chief priests had met with the elders and devised a plan, they gave the soldiers a large sum of money, (13) telling them, "You are to say, 'His disciples came during the night and stole him away while we were asleep.' (14) If this report gets to the governor, we will satisfy him and keep you out of trouble." (15) So the soldiers took the money and did as they were instructed. And this story has been widely circulated among the Jews to this very day.

When the resurrection really occurred, the chief priests still did not believe Jesus to be the Messiah. Instead, they devised another plan to oppose the resurrection claims. This plan called for the guards to lie and say his followers stole the body from the tomb.

The resurrection of Christ is the single most important aspect concerning the authenticity of Jesus as the Messiah of God. He prophesied about His resurrection, had the authority to stop His death at the hands of the priests and Romans, but chose to die because He knew the grave had no victory and death no sting.

1 Corinthians 15:55 (KJV) - O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory?

d. Power of the Resurrection

Matthew 27:50-54 (NIV) - And when Jesus had cried out again in a loud voice, he gave up his spirit. (51) At that moment the curtain of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. The earth shook and the rocks split. (52) The tombs broke open and the bodies of many holy people who had died were raised to life. (53) They came out of the tombs, and after Jesus' resurrection they went into the holy city and appeared to many people. (54) When the centurion and those with him who were guarding Jesus saw the earthquake and all that had happened, they were terrified, and exclaimed, "Surely he was the Son of God!"

When Jesus died, the holy people who had died were resurrected from the dead. They were awaiting the final blood sacrifice for their sins so their sins could be remitted. When their sins were covered by the blood they received their inheritance of eternal life. Then three days later, after Jesus was raised from the dead, they were free to leave the tombs. They went into the city and became witnesses of the fact that eternal life is available only through Jesus Christ. This is evidence that God's plan for setting free those who sit in darkness was finished!

Has any past non-Jewish/Christian prophet or messenger of god ever been raised from the dead? No!

Does any other religion provide hope that man may partake in the divine nature of God? No!

e. Establishment of the gospel

The gospel of Christ was spoken by Him openly in public before documentation was ever written down for future generations. This is an important aspect of Christianity when compared with other religious systems. The Word of God was not given to just one man in a secret place, as it was with other religions. Additionally, the Word of God was spoken and believed by hearers of the Word long before any documentation occurred.

John 18:20 (NIV) - "I have spoken openly to the world," Jesus replied. "I always taught in synagogues or at the temple, where all the Jews come together. I said nothing in secret.

God also spoke openly in public in the Old Testament scriptures.

Isaiah 45:19 - I have not spoken in secret, from somewhere in a land of darkness; I have not said to Jacob's descendants, 'Seek me in vain.' I, the LORD, speak the truth; I declare what is right.

When investigating other religions, ask these questions - Was their holy book written by just one man? Was it written in a secret place or out in the open?  

The Word of God does not lead one to seek God in vain, meaning the Word leads man into a personal relationship with God. Does any other religious book lead men into a personal loving relationship with God?

Although the laws of God accomplish moral standards when obeyed, this is not the priority of the law. Even pagans have moral laws. The intent of God's Law is to give mankind the knowledge of real truth. Then man becomes conscious of sin, and he may exercise his freewill to choose between the things of life and the things of death. When man makes the right choices, he is in a place of meeting with God as he repents from the things that bring death and submits to the things that bring life. When man activates his freewill choice, man will take on the nature of the things he chooses and the character of the one he follows. As God works with man through his obedience to His Word, God fills man with the Holy Spirit and transforms his nature to be like Him. So, the law is good in that man is in a place of receiving from God when he is obedient

Romans 3:20-22 (NIV) - Therefore no one will be declared righteous in his sight by observing the law; rather, through the law we become conscious of sin. (21) But now a righteousness from God, apart from law, has been made known, to which the Law and the Prophets testify. (22) This righteousness from God comes through faith in Jesus Christ to all who believe. There is no difference.

Works of obedience to the Law will not save mankind nor make him righteous. Real obedience goes beyond the letter of the Law and is a place of agreeing with God and trusting Him for the work he wants to do in the life of the believer. Real righteousness is through faith in Jesus Christ. The purpose of the law is to raise man's consciousness to sin. To make him aware so he can employ his will to choose what is right, but righteousness is a free gift of God by faith in Christ. Righteousness cannot be earned through obedience.

Galatians 2:19-21 (NIV) - For through the law I died to the law so that I might live for God. (20) I have been crucified with Christ and I no longer live, but Christ lives in me. The life I live in the body, I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me. (21) I do not set aside the grace of God, for if righteousness could be gained through the law, Christ died for nothing!"

"Through the law I died to the law so that I might live for God" - Paul, the author of the book of Galatians, was a Jewish Pharisee and a teacher of the old scriptures. In those days Paul relied on his observance of the law and his righteous works for his righteous standing before God. Then after his salvation experience with Jesus Christ, after Jesus' resurrection from the dead, Paul gained the knowledge that his righteousness was then based on his faith in Jesus as the true Messiah of God, rather than on his observance of the law.

"Grace of God" - Paul, through his faith in Jesus, was given the knowledge that his faith accessed the grace of God, and it was the grace and love of God that manifested his salvation.

Ephesians 2:8 (NIV) - For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith-- and this not from yourselves, it is the gift of God.

f. How Then Can One Attain to Salvation?

Romans 10:9-15 - That if you confess with your mouth, "Jesus is Lord," and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. (10) For it is with your heart that you believe and are justified, and it is with your mouth that you confess and are saved. (11) As the Scripture says, "Anyone who trusts in him will never be put to shame." (12) For there is no difference between Jew and Gentile-- the same Lord is Lord of all and richly blesses all who call on him, (13) for, "Everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved." (14) How, then, can they call on the one they have not believed in? And how can they believe in the one of whom they have not heard? And how can they hear without someone preaching to them? (15) And how can they preach unless they are sent? As it is written, "How beautiful are the feet of those who bring good news!"

Christianity proclaims that you must be saved and born again in order to enter the kingdom of heaven. Man cannot enter the kingdom of heaven in an "as is" condition. Any religion that does not make this proclamation is not in sync with the need for transforming man's spiritual nature. Transformation is necessary to have a divine nature that can live eternally with God. Transformation is by faith in the Jesus, the Son of God.

5. A Final Word

God is love. God's love for you knows no limit. His grace and love will forgive you of all your sins and you will be set free from the bondage of erroneous thinking. There is no sinner who cannot receive God's reconciliation. You only need to seek after Him and be repentant, have a change of heart and mind about your life and seek to become the person God created you to be. It is a wonderful way to live, knowing that God is sovereign and in control of all things in your life, which you have placed in his care.

The time for the second coming of Christ will occur most likely in your life time, depending on your age. There is no time to waste! The return of Christ is closer than you might think!

Accept Jesus as Savior and Lord of your life!