following scriptures are a partial presentation of Jacob's
blessing he spoke over Joseph. The intention of this lesson
is to provide additional validation of Joseph as an Old
Testament type of Christ, as presented in Volume
3 - JOSEPH, EPHRAIM AND MANASSEH
- A Foreshadow of God's Agenda for Jew and Gentile.
49:23 (KJV) - The archers
have sorely grieved him, and shot at him,
and hated him.
following word study reveals this verse to foreshadow Christ's
crucifixion on the cross.
- (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #2671 - Translated
from the Hebrew word "chets"(khayts); from
#2686; properly, a piercer, i.e., an arrow;
by implication, a wound; figuratively, (of God) thunder-bolt;
(by interchange for #6086) the shaft of a spear.
is taken from the root word chatsats (khaw-tsats')
- #2686. Chatsats is a primitive root; properly,
to chop into, pierce or sever; hence, to curtail,
to distribute (into ranks); as denominative, to shoot an
represents all forms of persecution against Christ which
sorely grieved him. But there was only one persecution which
pierced him, which happen on Calvary.
figuratively represents those who pierced Jesus'
side with a spear when he was on the cross and then
he died. John 19:34 (NIV) - Instead, one of the soldiers
pierced Jesus' side with a spear, bringing
a sudden flow of blood and water.
sorely grieved him" - (Strong's
Concordance - Hebrew) #4843 Taken from the root word
properly, to trickle [see #4752]; but used only as a denominative
from #4751; to be (causatively, make) bitter
(literally or figuratively).
used in the KJV-- (be, be in, deal, have, make) bitter,
be moved with choler, be grieved.
was grieved that His Jewish brothers rejected Him as the
anointed one sent by God, Messiah. But, He refused to be
bitter because it was for their good and out of love that
He willingly submitted to the cross according to the will
the Father. Even when the Roman soldiers offered Him wine
mixed with bitter gall, He refused to drink it.
27:33-35 (NIV) - They came to a place called Golgotha (which
means The Place of the Skull). (34) There they offered Jesus
wine to drink, mixed with gall; but after tasting
it, he refused to drink it. (35) When they had crucified
him, they divided up his clothes by casting lots.
- (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #5521 Translated
from the Hebrew word "chole" (khol-ay')
- "gall" or bile, i.e., (by analogy) poison
or an anodyne (wormwood, poppy, etc.).
soldiers tried to quench the thirst of Christ and relieve
the pain he was suffering on the cross by offering him the
bitterness of gall mixed with vinegar/wine. But, Christ
refused to alter the course of His crucifixion by accepting
relief from the pain. Hebrews 2:10 (NIV) - In bringing
many sons to glory, it was fitting that God, for whom and
through whom everything exists, should make the author of
their salvation perfect through suffering. So,
for you and I it was fitting that Christ endured the suffering
and pain of the cross.
Christ was "sorely grieved" by the Jews' rejection,
He expressed His love for them in Luke 23:34 (KJV) -
Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know
not what they do. And they parted his raiment, and cast
lots. He refused the bitterness of the drug and the
bitterness of rejection. The cross is God's sign of the
depth of His love for those who choose to believe in Christ.
The cross is Christ's sign that doing the will of the Father
greatly exceeds the preservation of self.
him" - (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew)
#7852 satam (saw-tam');
Taken from the root word "satan" (saw-tam') =
to lurk for, i.e. persecute.
word "satam", taken from the root word satan,
foreshadows the powers of darkness lurking, lying
in wait until an opportune time to persecute Jesus.
Luke 4:13 (NIV) - When the devil had finished all this
tempting, he left him until an opportune time.
From the time that the tempting of Jesus was complete until
the time of his arrest in the Garden of Gethsemane, satan
was working through the Jews, lurking and waiting for an
opportune time to kill Jesus.
blessing over Joseph con't.
49:24 (KJV) - But his bow
strength, and the arms
of his hands were made strong by the hands of the mighty
God of Jacob; (from thence is the shepherd, the stone of
(Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #7198 - Taken
from the Hebrew word qesheth (keh'-sheth);
from #7185 in the original sense (of #6983)
of bending: a bow, for shooting (hence, figuratively,
strength) or the iris.
- qashah (kaw-shaw');
a primitive root; properly, to be dense, i.e., tough
or severe (in various applications).
- qowsh (koshe); a primitive
root; to bend; used only as denominative for #3369,
to set a trap.
- yaqosh (yaw-koshe');
a primitive root; to ensnare (literally or figuratively).
word "bow" in the original root definition and
original sense of the root word qashah (#6983 qowsh &
#3369 yaqosh) was used to represent the setting of a trap
and ensnaring the prey.
Joseph's bow prophetically represents
Jesus' bow which abodes in the strength of His arms
(#7198 - qesheth) -
and authority is given Jesus by God to lay down His life
or take it up again - John 10:17-18 (NIV) - The reason
my Father loves me is that I lay down my life - only to
take it up again. (18) No one takes it from me, but I lay
it down of my own accord. I have authority to lay it
down and authority to take it up again. This command
I received from my Father."
has power to overcome any attacks upon Him - Matthew
26:52-54 (NIV) - "Put your sword back in its place,"
Jesus said to him, "for all who draw the sword will
die by the sword. (53) Do you think I cannot call on my
Father, and he will at once put at my disposal more than
twelve legions of angels? (54) But how then would the
Scriptures be fulfilled that say it must happen in this
has power over the forces of darkness - Luke 4:36 (NIV)
- All the people were amazed and said to each other, "What
is this teaching? With authority and power he gives orders
to evil spirits and they come out!".
has power to rule the earth - Daniel 7:13-14 (NIV) -
He was given authority, glory and sovereign power;
all peoples, nations and men of every language worshiped
him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion that will not
pass away, and his kingdom is one that will never be destroyed.
power and authority as the Son of God is expressed metaphorically
in these scriptures as the "strength of His arms".
The bow abode in the strength of His arms and hands. The
bow is an implement, so to speak, used by God to ensnare
the powers of darkness (#6983 - qowsh & #3369
- yaqosh) -
Triumph by the Cross (click here)
49:24 Con't. - "Abode"
(Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #3427 Taken from
the Hebrew root word yashab (yaw-shab');
a primitive root; properly, to sit down (specifically
in ambush, in quiet);
by implication, to dwell, to remain;
causatively, to settle, to marry.
judge" -To divide between right and
wrong, righteousness and unrighteousness.
51:5 (KJV) - My righteousness is near; my salvation is gone
forth, and mine arms shall judge the people; the
isles shall wait upon me, and on mine arm shall they
ambush" - God's judgment will come
3:1 (NIV) - "See, I will send my messenger,
who will prepare the way before me. Then suddenly
the Lord you are seeking will come to his temple; the
messenger of the covenant, whom you desire, will come,"
says the LORD Almighty.
messenger" refers to John the Baptizer.
the Lord you are seeking" refers to Jesus' sudden
arrival to the temple.
from those who responded to the preaching of John, the other
Jews were ambushed by the sudden arrival of the Messiah.
quiet" - When the time of judgment
comes it will be a quiet coming.
53:6-7 (KJV) - All we like sheep have gone astray; we have
turned everyone to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on
him the iniquity of us all. (7) He was oppressed, and he
was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is
brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before
her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.
Jesus went to the cross to pay the debt for the sins of
mankind he did not open his mouth. He held his silence.
Judgment was passed on satan and all those who follow him.
dwell, to remain" - When Christ died
for the sins of mankind and was raised from the dead three
days later, the forces of darkness and satan were judged
and their sentence was proclaimed. This judgment is permanent
and will remain forever. Satan has no power over anyone
who follows Christ.
16:10-11 (KJV) - Of righteousness, because I go to my
Father, and ye see me no more; (11) Of judgment, because
the prince of this world is judged.
word "abode" reveals the permanency of Christ's
judgment. His Judgment is in three phases - (1) Judgment
was passed on the powers of darkness through His death and
resurrection; (2) the House of God will be judged in the
end times and (3) all others whose names are not in the
Lamb's Book of Life will be judged at the end of the Millennium
Reign. The preeminent judgment authority of Christ will
dwell and remain in the earth for ever.
blessing over Joseph con't.
49:25-26 (KJV) - Even by the God of thy father, who shall
help thee; and by the Almighty, who shall bless thee with
blessings of heaven above, blessings of the deep that lieth
under, blessings of the breasts, and of the womb: (26) The
blessings of thy father have prevailed above the blessings
of my progenitors unto the utmost bound of the everlasting
hills: they shall be on the head of Joseph, and on the crown
of the head of him
that was separate from his brethren.
of the head" - (Strong's Concordance
- Hebrew) #6936 qodqod (kod-kode');
taken from #6915; the crown of the head (as the part
- qadad (kaw-dad'); a
primitive root; to shrivel up, i.e., contract or bend the
body (or neck) in deference.
in the KJV as -- bow (down) (the) head, stoop.
blessings of God were upon the crown of the head of Joseph
during his tenure in Egypt. Joseph bowed to God and deferred
his situation to Him. God found favor with Joseph and he
governed Egypt. Later, in accordance with God's will, Joseph
bowed to his brothers when they arrived in Egypt. Joseph
took care of them for the duration of the famine. Joseph
served his brothers. In like manner, the blessings of God
were upon the crown of the head of Jesus during His tenure
in the earth. Jesus did not come as a King to be served,
but as one to serve.
20:28 (NIV) - Just as the Son of Man did not come to
be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom
12:18 (KJV) - Behold my servant, whom I have chosen;
my beloved, in whom my soul is well pleased: I will put
my spirit upon him, and he shall shew judgment to the Gentiles.
9:35 (KJV) - And he sat down, and called the twelve, and
saith unto them, If any man desire to be first, the
same shall be last of all, and servant of all.
49:26 (Con't) - "Him
that was separate"
- (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #5139
Hebrew word naziyr (naw-zeer');
or nazir (naw-zeer');
taken from #5144; separate, i.e., consecrated
(as prince, a Nazirite); hence (figuratively from
the latter) an unpruned vine (like an unshorn Nazirite):
(Brown-Driver-Brigg's Concordance) Hebrew root word
nazar- to dedicate, to consecrate, to separate.
been separated from his brothers when he was sold into Egypt
as a slave by his brothers, Joseph, consecrated to God,
eventually became a prince among his brothers.
37:28 (NIV) - So when the Midianite merchants came by, his
brothers pulled Joseph up out of the cistern and sold him
for twenty shekels of silver to the Ishmaelites, who took
him to Egypt.
39:1-4 (NIV) - Now Joseph had been
taken down to Egypt. Potiphar, an Egyptian who was one of
Pharaoh's officials, the captain of the guard, bought him
from the Ishmaelites who had taken him there. (2) The LORD
was with Joseph and he prospered, and he lived in the house
of his Egyptian master. (3) When his master saw that the
LORD was with him and that the LORD gave him success
in everything he did, (4) Joseph found favor in his eyes
and became his attendant. Potiphar put him in charge
of his household, and he entrusted to his care everything
41:41-43 (NIV) - So Pharaoh said to Joseph, "I hereby
put you in charge of the whole land of Egypt."
(42) Then Pharaoh took his signet ring from his finger and
put it on Joseph's finger. He dressed him in robes of fine
linen and put a gold chain around his neck. (43) He had
him ride in a chariot as his second-in-command, and
men shouted before him, "Make way!" Thus, he put
him in charge of the whole land of Egypt.
NIV translation of Genesis 49:26 - Your father's blessings
are greater than the blessings of the ancient mountains,
than the bounty of the age-old hills. Let all these rest
on the head of Joseph, on the brow of the prince
among his brothers.
among his brothers" - Joseph was ruler
of all of Egypt when his brothers were living in Egypt during
the famine - Genesis 43: 26-28, 45:26.
Christ is a prince whose throne is established forever
among his brothers.
5:31 (KJV) - Him hath God exalted with his right hand to
be a Prince and a Saviour, for to give repentance
to Israel, and forgiveness of sins.
studying Jacob's blessing over Joseph and paralleling the
life of Joseph to Jesus Christ, it is apparent that God
used Joseph as a foreshadow of Christ. God "chose
us" in Christ before the creation of the world,
so when He was orchestration the events of Joseph's life
He was thinking of "us in Him". Therefore,
all aspects of Joseph's life will foreshadow Christ, including
the birth of his two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh, born to
him while in the land of Egypt.
bible scholars do not include Manasseh and Ephraim when
teaching Joseph as an Old Testament type of Christ. Therefore,
insight into God bringing Jew and Gentile together as heirs
to the promise that is in Christ Jesus as an integral part
of "us in Him" is missed and Joseph as a foreshadow
falls short of the total picture.