quick study is a sub-topic support for the foreshadows in
5 - THE BOOK OF REVELATION
- God's Agenda for the End Time.
ancient times, covenants were life commitments between two
or more parties. Covenant participants would rather die
than break a covenant. When God made the covenant with Abraham
it was a life commitment for Abraham and his descendents.
Abraham understood what it meant for God to make a covenant
with him. Abraham understood that God could not break His
covenant with him and his faith soared. Abraham understood
that he also had a part in the covenant. His part was to
trust God and be faithful to the covenant. Therefore, Abraham
gave his life to God because it was God's covenant of life
for him and his descendents.
heart of God's covenant agenda for Israel (Abraham's descendents)
is her acceptance of Messiah, God's Sacrificial Lamb
for the remission of Israel's sins. When God's Lamb (Jesus)
was sacrificed His covenant with Israel was completed. Blood
covenants are sealed when blood sacrifices are made. The
covenant for Israel was initiated with Abraham and covenant
animal sacrifices were called for by God in Genesis chapter
15. Then Abraham became the covenant partner with God. Later,
God called his covenant partner to sacrifice his only son
Isaac to test his faith. Although Isaac was a gift from
God and Abraham's greatest possession, Abraham willingly
gave Isaac back to God. One might say, Isaac was Abraham's
offering to God through his obedience to God's command.
as Abraham offered his only son Isaac through faith, God
will offer His only begotten Son, Jesus as the covenant
blood sacrifice. Only through the blood of God's Sacrificial
Lamb could the Abrahamic Covenant made complete for the
atonement of the Jew's sins. Had Abraham actually killed
Isaac, Isaac's blood offering would have no greater meaning
than the blood of the ram (caught in a thicket) which was
offered in place of Isaac. So, God stopped Abraham from
killing Isaac. Blood for the covenant had to come from God's
Son. Because Abraham did not withhold Isaac from God, Abraham
became a friend of God. Abraham would not withhold anything
Both Abraham and God gave their only sons. Abraham gave
Isaac to God and God gave Jesus (so to speak) to Abraham's
descendents. Although the Bible does not state Isaac was
a covenant sacrifice, I believe God saw Isaac lying on the
altar as a blood offering from Abraham. Rather than Abraham
sacrificing Isaac, God provide a sacrificial ram to take
his place. Until the time that God offers His Son, Jesus,
substitute rams will die in the place of Abraham's descendants
for sins committed against God. Abraham's willingness to
sacrifice Isaac affirmed Abraham as a covenant partner of
God. The covenant was one of reconciling Abraham and his
descendants to God and would be fulfilled when Jesus died
for for the remission of sin. The sin issue of fallen man
had to be dealt with in the covenant because the "wages
of sin is death"- Roman's 6:23 and Hebrews 9:22
- "without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness"
for sin. Every person receiving forgiveness for their sins
is due to a covenant provision of blood from God.
Abraham offered Isaac as a blood offering, God looked to
the future when His only begotten Son would become the blood
offering for the forgiveness of sin and reconciliation of
man to Himself. Both Isaac and Jesus were offered as a result
of the covenant God made with Abraham. When Abraham offered
up Isaac, he literally gave himself to God and through Isaac
gave all his descendants to God. Abraham did not withhold
anything from the covenant relationship. Likewise, God did
not withhold anything from the covenant relationship. God
gave Himself totally to Abraham and through Jesus gave Himself
totally to all of Abraham's descendants. What else could
Abraham and God have put into the covenant that was more
precious to them than their only sons? Therefore, they gave
2:9-10(NIV) - For in Christ all the fullness of
the Deity lives in bodily form, (10) and you have been
given fullness in Christ, who is the head over every power
11:17 (NIV) - By faith Abraham,
when God tested him, offered Isaac as a sacrifice.
He who had received the promises was about to sacrifice
his one and only son....
22:15-18 (NIV) - The angel of the LORD called to Abraham
from heaven a second time (16) and said, "I swear by
myself, declares the LORD, that because you have done this
and have not withheld your son,
your only son, (17) I will surely bless you
and make your descendants as numerous as the stars in the
sky and as the sand on the seashore. Your descendants
will take possession of the cities of their enemies, (18)
and through your offspring all
nations on earth will be blessed, because you have obeyed
16 (Con't) - "Not
withheld your son, your only son"; "All nations
on earth will be blessed, because you have obeyed
Abraham's faith and obedience to God's command to
offer his only son confirmed Abraham;s acceptance of God's
covenant. It is therefore permissible to see Abraham's willingness
to sacrifice Isaac as a type of covenant sacrifice.
do we know this to be a true perception of Isaac as a covenant
offering from Abraham?
Abraham offered Isaac, I am persuaded God reflected on the
day that He would offer Jesus. Because of Abraham's willingness
to submit everything to God and trust God for his life and
future, God referred to Abraham as His friend. God was a
friend to Abraham and Abraham was a friend to God.
relationship between God and Abraham is a relational model
that all who enter into the covenant must desire and seek
to follow through faith and obedience. Jesus stated in John
15:14-15 (NIV) - You are my friends if you do what I
command. (15) I no longer call you servants, because
a servant does not know his master's business. Instead,
I have called you friends, for everything that I learned
from my Father I have made known to you. Jesus
called His obedient followers friends. Friends are a notch
above servants. What God established with Abraham is also
established with Christians.
validation of Isaac as a foreshadow of Jesus - Remember
that Isaac lay upon the altar willingly without speaking
a word - Genesis 22:9, even as Jesus did not open
His mouth - Isaiah 53:7. Isaac trusted in Abraham,
even as Abraham trusted in God, and even as Jesus trusted
in God, the Father. Also, Isaac carried the wood up the
mountain that was to be used for the sacrifice - Genesis
22:6, even as Jesus carried the wood up Mount Golgotha
and was used for the sacrifice. It is prudent to see Isaac
as an integral part of the covenant God made with mankind
through Abraham. Isaac was the first descendant of Abraham
through which the covenant was initiated. Jesus was the
only begotten Son of God through which the covenant was
finished. Jesus spoke the words, "It is finished"
at the moment of His death on the cross, denoting the completion
of the covenant.
note on Ishmael and his descendants - Although Ishmael
was Abraham's firstborn, He is not a part of the covenant
of redemption and reconciliation. Abraham was distressed
that Ishmael might not receive the blessings of God in Genesis
21:11-13(NIV) - The matter distressed Abraham greatly
because it concerned his son. (12) But God said to him,
"Do not be so distressed about the boy and your maidservant.
Listen to whatever Sarah tells you, because it is through
Isaac that your offspring will be reckoned. (13) I will
make the son of the maidservant into a nation also, because
he is your offspring." God blessed Ishmael as a
nation, but it was through Isaac that the covenant of reconciliation
would continue forth.
Isaac did not die, figuratively Isaac's life and blood was
given to God because Abraham counted Isaac as dead. Therefore,
it was not necessary for Isaac to die because God's Son
would die in his place at a later time.
11:19 (NIV) - Abraham reasoned that God could raise the
dead, and figuratively speaking, he did receive
Isaac back from death.
4:9-12 (NIV) - Then know this, you and all the people of
Israel: It is by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom
you crucified but whom God raised from the dead,
that this man stands before you healed. (11) He is "'the
stone you builders rejected, which has become the capstone.'
(12) Salvation is found in no one else, for there is no
other name under heaven given to men by which
we must be saved."
as Isaac was figuratively raised from the dead, God's Son
was literally raised from the dead. The covenant of God
is a covenant of resurrection unto eternal life and reconciliation
as an adopted son of God. It is a blood covenant for the
forgiveness of sin.
as Abraham gave his only son, God gave His only Son -
John 3:16 (KJV) - For God so loved the world, that
he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth
in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
A man who enters into the covenant relationship with God
covered by the blood of Jesus will not have to die for his
covenant provides everything man needs to become an adopted
son of God through the sacrifice of His Son Jesus, including
the fullness of God.
structure of the covenant calls for each man to be the same
type covenant partner as was Abraham. God puts all of Himself
into the covenant and man puts all of himself into the covenant.
Neither, God nor man withholds anything from the covenant.
A covenant relationship does not provide for a partial commitment
from either covenant participant. Personally speaking, the
only deal God made with me was "all of me for all of
New Blood Covenant is no less the same, as revealed in the
following scriptures -
16:24 (KJV) - Then said Jesus unto his disciples, If any
man will come after me, let him deny himself, and
take up his cross, and follow me.
2:9-10 (NIV) - For in Christ all the fullness of the
Deity lives in bodily form, (10) and you have been given
fullness in Christ, who is the head over every power
must deny himself in all ways and follow Christ. As man
denies himself (dies to the old nature), he takes on the
likeness of God in Christ until he attains to the fulness
of God. God does not make partial arrangements with Christians.
4:11-13 (NIV) - It was he who gave some to be apostles,
some to be prophets, some to be evangelists, and some to
be pastors and teachers, (12) to prepare God's people
for works of service, so that the body of Christ may
be built up (13) until we all reach unity in the faith and
in the knowledge of the Son of God and become mature, attaining
to the whole measure of the fullness of Christ.
is faithful to complete this work of fulness which began
the minute the Christian accepted Christ as his Lord and
Savior. Completion of His work to each Christian will manifest
God's complete fulness.
1:6 (KJV) - Being confident of this very thing, that he
which hath begun a good work
in you will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ.
God is performing His covenant work with the Gentiles and
the nation of Israel. The end time tribulation period is
centered on God's finishing His covenant work for
this age of ministering the gospel to the lost.
was not possible for Israel's sins to be remitted by the
blood sacrifice of animals, as provided for in the Law of
God, because the covenant was not complete until Jesus died
on the cross. The blood of the covenant for the forgiveness
of sins had to be God's blood. Only then could the covenant
be complete and promised salvation of Israel be made available
to those who believe, even as Abraham believed. The completion
of the covenant is seen in Matthew 27:50-53 (KJV) - Jesus,
when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up
the ghost. (51) And, behold, the veil of the temple
was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth
did quake, and the rocks rent; (52) And the graves were
opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose,
(53) And came out of the graves after his resurrection,
and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many. The
tombs of the Old Testament saints were opened at the moment
of Jesus' death. The three days later after His resurrection
they came out of their graves. Jesus' blood shed for the
remission of their sins opened their graves. Jesus' resurrection
gave them new life and they followed Jesus into heaven as
an offering to God - Ephesians 4:8 (KJV) - Wherefore
he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led
captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men.
the time of Abraham's sacrifice of Isaac until the time
of the sacrifice of God's Son, two thousand years passed.
At the cross, the covenant was finished because God had
given His blood to pay the sin debt for all of mankind so
all nations could be blessed, reconciled to God under the
covering of the covenant. When Israel accepts the Messiah
through the preaching of the gospel, God's agenda for the
salvation of Israel will be complete, as revealed in the
book of Revelation. By faith Jews, like all Christians,
must accept Jesus as Messiah and God's permanent covenant
blood sacrifice for the forgiveness of sin. Salvation must
take place prior to Jesus' return to the earth because salvation
must be by faith in what cannot be seen. Only then will
God close out the era of the gospel prior to His return.