Volume 1 -THE GARDEN
OF EDEN - Adam's Creation and His Spiritual and Physical
Environments. For an in-depth study
of the gap theory return to Volume 1.)
gap theory presents a few interesting observations. These
are additional comments not discussed in Volume 1 of this
Theorists believe the dinosaurs existed between Genesis
1:1 and 1:2. Their theory suggests the flood
waters of Genesis 1:2 destroyed the dinosaurs. If
you read Chapter 4 of Volume 1 of this series, the environment
of the Garden of Eden was a result of God dividing the waters
in Genesis 1:6, forming a water canopy which encased
the earth and it's atmosphere which shielded the earth from
the sun's radiant heat and other cosmic elements. This was
a highly suitable eternal environment for mankind and for
growing large plant life and large animals. The key to establishing
this environment was the dividing of the waters. The dividing
of the waters caused dry land to appear so plant life and
animal life could live on the earth.
Theorists fail to include physical science of the earth
when studying God's dividing the waters. The water canopy
changes the theory of Carbon-14 dating method. Having accepted
Carbon-14 as a reliable scientific measurement of time,
they attempt to fit the dinosaurs into biblical scriptures
concerning the beginning before God divided the waters.
But, they do not realize Carbon-14 dating is faulty concerning
fossils that existed during the time of pre-flood earth
because the water canopy affected the amount of Carbon-14
naturally produced and absorbed by plant life through photosynthesis,
which is then eaten by animals and absorbed by their bones.
Therefore, the dating analysis by paleontologists is incorrect.
are two problems with the Gap Theory -
If the dinosaurs existed prior to the earth becoming
void and empty in Genesis 1:2 (covered with water),
then dry land would have been present and plants had to
be abundant and very large to feed them over thousands and
thousands of years.
the question is this - what was the physical environment
of the earth in the beginning when the dinosaurs existed?
Was it like the environment of today, or was it also under
a previous water canopy?
it like the environment of today? If God began the original
earth environment with dry land and the waters were not
divided as they were in Genesis 1:6 and the earth
was not covered with a water canopy, then plant life would
not be suitable for dinosaur life, because the absence of
the water canopy would exposed the earth to the sun's radiation
and the size of plant life would be approximately the same
size as it is today. Dinosaurs could not grow larger than
what the available amount of plant food would allow.
question then is (concerning flood waters required to destroy
dinosaur life and cover all dry land), "Where did all
the flood water come from?" In
this scenario, God would have added additional water volume
to the original configuration of the earth in order to flood
the surface of the earth and make it void and empty.
course, without a water canopy the environment would have
been configured as it is today. Then the earthly environment
of the dinosaurs would have been very unstable. Because
the earth would have been exposed to the radiant heat of
the sun, resulting in weather patterns which create deserts,
polar ice caps, rain, droughts, devastating storms, wild
fires, etc., affecting plant life. This environment would
not be suitable for a large population of dinosaurs.
2. Was it under a previous water canopy? Maybe God
began the original earth environment beneath a water canopy,
then plants would be large and abundant over the entire
plant because there would be no fluctuation in temperature
and the canopy would shield the heat of the sun and trap
the heat of the earth. The entire planet would be tropical
with no rain, deserts, droughts, storms, lightning generated
fires or polar ice caps. The
environment during the Gap period of time would have been
like the environment in the Garden of Eden and highly suitable
for dinosaur life.
Here's the problem with this scenario. In order to flood
the earth at a later time, God would have collapsed the
water canopy to flood the earth and eliminate the dinosaurs.
law comment: The increased burden of water upon
the face of the planet would have had a tremendous impact
on the contour of the surface of the earth (crust) by compressing
the earth's surface which would have created very high mountains
(subduction of tectonic plates beneath continents), like
it did in the time of Noah's flood. Land mass would have
been greatly compressed causing tectonic and continental
plates to collide. Subduction of non-continent tectonic
plates beneath continents would caused continental plates
to rise, creating high mountains ranges with elevations
that could not be covered by the Gap flood. Therefore,
the earth could not have become void and empty in the flood
of Genesis 1:2, because dry land would still remain.
course this scenario would conflict with dry land first
appearing in Genesis 1:9 -10 (NIV) - And God said, "Let
the water under the sky be gathered to one place, and let
dry ground appear." And it was so. (10) God called
the dry ground "land," and the gathered waters
he called "seas." And God saw that it was good.
of these scenarios have inherent problems with the laws
of physics as we understand physics today. There are
two opposing forces at play in the earth -
Expansive thermal force from the tremendous heat generated
by the molten iron core of the earth.
Gravity's inward pull of material elements towards the iron
core of the earth.
earth's mantel and crust floats on molten lava. When the
weight of the earth's crust and the expansive outward force
of thermal activity are equal the earth is in equilibrium.
If one of the forces is altered then a new equilibrium must
be reached. The earth's contour would expand or contact
depending on which force is greater. When the new equilibrium
is reached the earth would be at rest until another imbalance
in the equilibrium occurs. Adding water weight to the earth's
crust and removing water weight from the earth's crust has
a dramatic impact on the contour of the earth's surface.
dividing of the waters in Genesis 1:6 removed a large
volume of water from the surface. Therefore, the earth's
crust expanded. This expansion created open seams in the
crust allowing molten lava to ooze to the surface forming
high hills. This was the time of creating tectonic and continental
the water canopy was collapsed during Noah's flood, the
weight of the water canopy returned to the surface of the
earth and greatly compressed the crust. This compressive
force of the returning water volume was catastrophic and
much greater than the original expansive force when the
waters were divided. Why? The expansive force opened seams
in the crust, but did not cause tectonic and continental
plates to collide with each other, instead they drifted
apart over the entire surface of the planet. Compressive
collision of the plates is what caused the high mountains
we see today. This was the greatest and most chaotic event
that has ever to happen on the earth.
physical facts presents some difficult obstacles to overcome
when looking for scientific support for what Gap
it is prudent to realize there had to be a water canopy
during the age of the dinosaurs, allowing plant life could
grow large enough to support dinosaur life. Additionally,
there could have been only one water canopy in the historical
age of the earth and that canopy was collapsed during the
flood of Noah's time.
personally favor the premise that God created the heavens
and earth with a total complement of elements and did not
add additional elements later after the original creation
in Genesis verse 1. All of earth's elements that were a
part of the original creation in Verse 1 are still all of
the earth's elements today.
- The following perspective supports the existence of
dinosaurs prior to the time Noah built the ark, but not
necessarily prior to Genesis 1:2. When
Noah built the ark God commanded him to cover in inside
and outside with pitch. Genesis 6:14 (KJV) - Make
thee an ark of gopher wood; rooms shalt thou make in the
ark, and shalt pitch it within and without with pitch.
Pitch is a tar substance derived from the decomposition
of animals. Pitch Lake and the La Brea Tar Pits in California
is an example of fossilized crude oil pooling near the surface
of the ground.
© 1994-2002 Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc.
- Pitch Lake is a large surface deposit of
natural asphalt, a mixture of heavy oils that is left after
the lighter, more volatile components of crude-oil seepage
have evaporated. An example is Guanoco Lake in Venezuela,
which covers more than 445 hectares (1,100 acres) and contains
an estimated 6,000,000 tons of asphalt. It was used as a
commercial source of asphalt from 1891 to 1935. Smaller
deposits occur commonly where Tertiary marine sediments
outcrop on the surface; an example is the tar pits at Rancho
La Brea in Los Angeles (brea
and “tar” are synonymous with “semisolid asphalt”). Although
most pitch lakes are fossils of formerly active seeps, some,
such as Pitch Lake on the island of Trinidad, continue to
be supplied with fresh crude oil seeping from a subterranean
source. Pitch Lake covers 47 hectares (115 acres) and contains
an estimated 6,700,000 tons of asphalt. The asphalt is a
major export of Trinidad and Tobago and is used mostly for
began building the ark approximately 1550 years after the
creation of Adam, according to biblical genealogy. Noah
coated the exterior of the ark with pitch - Genesis 6:14
(KJV) - Make thee an ark of gopher wood; rooms shalt thou
make in the ark, and shalt pitch it within and without with
dinosaurs have lived, died and decomposed, creating fossil
tar / pitch during the 1650 year period of time? Yes! Dinosaurs
died and created a pool of pitch material on the earth's
surface. This pitch was used for the waterproof coating
of the ark. Keep in mind, there were dinosaurs so large
and tall that if they ever toppled over on their side they
would never be able to upright themselves and would die.
there would have been some pooling of fossil crude on the
surface of the earth in various places because there was
no rain to cause erosion to bury the pools of pitch. The
radiant heat of the sun was blocked and evaporation of dinosaur
fats would be minimal. The most liquid fats would seep into
the earth's soil and the more solid fats would pool on the
surface. The most liquid fats would later become reservoirs
of oil deep in the earth beneath sedimentary rock layers.
The more solid fats became shale sedimentary rock after
Noah's flood, as eroded silt buried the pools. Sedimentary
layers of rock are formed by accumulation and compression
of eroded silt. Keep in mind, all dinosaur fossils are found
in sedimentary rock and oil reservoirs are located beneath
sedimentary rock. So, the dinosaurs became extinct in the
flood of Noah's time.
only sure thing we can surmise from the above scripture
is there were dinosaurs that died beneath the water canopy
prior to the building of the ark.
only sensible logical conclusion is perceiving the age of
dinosaurs as occurring during pre-flood times of Noah and
a more indepth teaching concerning the beginning in the
book of Genesis return to Volume
1 - THE GARDEN OF EDEN - Adam's
Creation and His Spiritual and Physical Environments. It's
a good free read!