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Fallen Angels Marrying Daughters of Men Theory

By Donald P. Moss

 

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Series Introduction

Foreshadows Introduction

Volume 1 -THE GARDEN OF EDEN - Adam's Creation and His
Spiritual and
Physical Environments

Volume 2 - NEW BEGINNING AND NEW WORLD ENVIRONMENT

Volume 3 - JOSEPH, EPHRAIM AND MANASSEH - A Foreshadow of God's Agenda for Jew and Gentile

Volume 4  - CROSSING THE JORDAN RIVER - A Foreshadow of Salvation for Jew and Gentile

Volume 5 - THE BOOK OF REVELATION - God's Agenda for the End Time

Volume 6 - THE SEVEN LETTERS TO THE SEVEN CHURCHES

Volume 7  - CHRIST IN THE TABERNACLE - A Foreshadow of Redemption

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Bible Lessons

(An excerpt from Volume 2 - NEW BEGINNING AND NEW WORLD ENVIRONMENT for an in-depth study of man on the earth prior to the flood return to Volume 2.)

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The idea of fallen angels marrying the daughters of men is a very controversial subject amongst some Bible scholars. Controversies exist because interpretation of scriptures are influenced by a failure to see a big picture of God and His agenda for His created man. God created all things and He created them to work in a certain way. God wrote the Bible for the good of His creation. Any interpretation of scriptures that does not edify God's will for man (salvation and repentance), is not in sync with the heart of God. With this in mind, the following discussion intends to expose the scriptural truth of this controversy.

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When Adam sinned and allow death and decay (mortality) to enter creation, God knew Adam's descendants would eventually descend into total mortality. Since a man gave sin a foothold in the world, God's plan calls for a man, His begotten Son - Jesus Christ , to redeem and deliver fallen man from sin and death restoring him to eternal life. This is the total objective of the Old Testament Word of God and New Testament gospel. It is therefore prudent to use this perspective to form a framework for interpreting scriptures. For example, theories such as the Gap Theory (Re: Volume I of this series) and the theory of Fallen Angels marrying the daughters of men prior the flood, should edify the work of God by opening the eyes of man to truth and turn him towards God. In other words, the proper interpretation of scriptures from which these theories are formed should edify the Holy Spirit's "pressing in" to save man from his total descent into mortality.

The author of this study thinks it is prudent at this time to briefly review the fallen angels theory concerning God's decision to judge mankind and bring the flood. The "fallen angels marrying the daughters of men" theory is believed by some to be the reason God decided to destroy mankind and the world with the flood and begin anew with Noah and his family. So, a quick study of this theory is needed for clarification of post flood times. 

The scriptures surrounding God's decision to wipe unrepentant mankind from the face of the earth is centered on mankind, not fallen angels! How does interpreting the phrase "The sons of God" as "fallen angels" relate to man's descent into total mortality in the following scripture? Genesis 6:1-2 (NIV) - When men began to increase in number on the earth and daughters were born to them, (2) the sons of God saw that the daughters of men were beautiful, and they married any of them they chose.

Proper exegesis of these scriptural verses must include the next verse 3 - The "sons of God" is more correctly interpreted as those men with whom the Holy Spirit was striving to prevent their descent into mortality. Genesis 6:3 (KJV) - And the Lord said, `My Spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh... It is not possible that the Holy Spirit was striving with fallen angels to prevent their descent into mortality.

God decided to end pre-flood times because the inclination of the thoughts of mankind's heart was only evil all the time. Genesis 6: 5-6 (NIV) - The Lord saw how great man's wickedness on the earth had become, and that every inclination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil all the time. The Lord was grieved that he had made man on the earth, and his heart was filled with pain.

Therefore, the sons of God in this scenario would then be the righteous descendants of Seth, the son of Adam. The daughters of men should be seen as women born outside the righteous line of Seth's family tree. This interpretation and precept of family marrying outside the line of righteous descendants is one that is parallels Bible scriptures of later times, as God forbid the marriage of Israelite men to women outside of the nation of Israel.

The men of Seth's family saw the beauty of unrighteous women and decided to marry them. They then fell into apostasy and God saw they would never recover.

"Apostasy" (Miriam Webster Dictionary) - (1) Renunciation of a religious faith (2) abandonment of a previous loyalty (3) defection.        

So, God saw man's descent into total mortality and initiated judgment against sin through the flood. This is the correct perception and interpretation because God is revealed as a God of justice against sinful mankind. When this revelation is received by man, then a standard of accountability to God is established. Without a standard of accountability to God man will believe he is only accountable to himself . There is no restraint to sin apart from his self determined values of right and wrong.

Therefore, it does not profit the student of the Bible to follow the teachings of scholars who believe the "sons of God" were fallen angels who married the "daughters of men" and perceive this as the basis of God's grief which resulted in God's judgment. But, it does profit man to see God as a God of justice and man is held accountable for the way he chooses to live. Fallen angels had nothing to do with His judgment against fallen man.

"Fallen angels" an incorrect interpretation of the word "Giants"

Genesis 6:4 (KJV) - There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.

"Giants" (Strong's Concordance / Hebrew)  #5303 nephiyl (nef-eel'); or nephil (nef-eel'); from #5307; properly, a feller, i.e. a bully or tyrant.

#5307 naphal (naw-fal'); a primitive root; to fall, in a great variety of applications (intransitive or causative, literal or figurative).

The root word naphal reveals the giants to be bullies and tyrants of the times. The giants dominated men through violence and tyranny. "Nephiyl" is a feller. Meaning, they were bullies and tyrants that "fell upon" (invaded) communities and dominated them through violence.

Other scriptures where #5307 root word naphal interprets as "fell upon", which means invasion

Hebrew #5307 - Job 1:15 (KJV) - And the Sabeans fell upon them, and took them away; yea, they have slain the servants with the edge of the sword; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee.

Hebrew #5307 - Joshua 11:5-7 (KJV) - And when all these kings were met together, they came and pitched together at the waters of Merom, to fight against Israel. (6) And the LORD said unto Joshua, Be not afraid because of them: for to morrow about this time will I deliver them up all slain before Israel: thou shalt hough their horses, and burn their chariots with fire. (7) So Joshua came, and all the people of war with him, against them by the waters of Merom suddenly; and they fell upon them.

The correct meaning: "tyrants" were called Nephilim because they were men much larger than the average man who "fell upon" (invaded) the people and oppressed them. It is presumption to associated the word "giants" / #5303 nephiyl (nef-eel') with any meaning than "feller, "bully" and "tyrant".

Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Commentary on Genesis 6:4:

There were giants in the earth in those days [Hebrew, ha-Nªpiliym (OT:5303)]. The Nephilim were in the earth in those days. The marked manner in which they are introduced to our notice is sufficient to prevent them from being identified with "the sons of God," or considered as the offspring of these; because they are described as already in existence and well known at the time when the Sethites began to intermarry with the other branches of the Adamic family. Who, or what, then, were the Nephilim? In the only other passage where the word occurs (Num 13:32-33) it clearly means giants, being derived, as Havernick suggests, from the mutually related roots of three verbs, yielding the fundamental idea of huge, extraordinary size. Nor can it be deemed incredible that in the antediluvian age, when, from the remains of quadrupeds and other inferior animals, we see that they were of an immensely larger type than the existing race of them exhibits, the physical powers and stature of Adam's descendants should have been greatly superior to the present standard of humanity. The analogy of nature would require that 'man among the mammoths' should, in physique, have borne some proportion to the magnitude of his bestial contemporaries.

Also, archaeology shows from the traditional fables of the classical poets, as well as from the colossal monuments that are extant, that there were people in remote times of Cyclopean strength; and whether this may be predicated of mankind generally, or was the characteristic peculiarity of a certain class only, various circumstances contribute to warrant the conclusion, that in the world before the flood there were Titans distinguished by corporeal stature and energies far above the present scale. But although the idea of gigantic power does underlie the language of the sacred historian, the term Nephilim seems to bear a deeper significance; and if etymology may guide us, it describes a class of men of worthless and at the same time of violent character. It is commonly traced to naapal (OT #5307), to fall, and considered to signify either fallen ones, apostates, or falling upon others. In the first sense many of the fathers applied it to designate fallen angels. But it evidently describes a particular class of men, and hence, the latter meaning is preferable, intimating that the Nephilim were marauding nomads-men of a violent, overbearing, lawless character- who abused their bodily powers to obtain their selfish ends; who were constantly roving from place to place in quest of plunder, and, emerging suddenly from their retreat, made attacks both on the property and the lives of men (cf. Joshua 11:7; Job 1:15; 16:14; 22:15, where they are called mªteey ... 'aazew, associated in wickedness).

Genesis 6:4 (Con't) - "And also after that" - Speaks of a time after the days when the giants ruled by violence and tyranny. First, the giants ruled and after that something else happened.

Genesis 6:4 (Con't)- "Sons of God" -

"Son" (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) #1121 ben (bane); from #1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc.).

"God" (Strong's Concordance - Hebrew) 'elohiym (el-o-heem'); plural of OT:433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative:

The sons of God were men who were considered to the children of God in those days. These were the Sethites, descendants of Seth.

Genesis 6:4 (Con't) - "They bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown" -

Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Commentary on Genesis 6:4:

The same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown - literally, these were the heroes who from ancient times were men of renown [Hebrew, hagiboriym (OT#1368), mighty men: a term descriptive of any superiority, physical or mental, Genesis 10:9]. Robbers and tyrants who despoiled and oppressed the peaceful inhabitants were already existing in the world; and it was not at all wonderful that among the descendants of Cain numbers should be found addicted to deeds of rapine and bloodshed. Whether the Sethite husbands, having broken through the restraints of religion, settled in infidelity, or, slaves to female influence, they abandoned all care of their households to their worldly and godless partners, a progeny was reared under them, utter strangers to everything sacred and good, without either precept or example to control the outbursts of juvenile passions. Each succeeding race became worse. But the mixed marriages that became so frequent produced a vast increase of violent and lawless characters like the Nephilim persons of reckless ferocity and audacious impiety, who spread devastation and carnage far and wide, and by the terror which their name inspired, obtained such lasting notoriety that in subsequent ages of ignorance and idolatry they were exalted by different nations, under various names, into the demigods of pagan mythology.

The unrighteous daughters of men reared their children in the ways of an ungodly society because their Sethite husbands ("the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown") fell into apostasy and left the responsibility of child rearing to their ungodly wives. Their children became men who dominated by violence and tyranny in the same way as the giants dominated.  

If "sons of God" is believed to be fallen angels, it is not good exegesis of the scriptures because the topic surrounding the elimination of mankind is centered on successive generations of Sethites total descent into mortality. The desires ("thoughts and imaginations of the heart") of the Sethites were only evil al the time. Only Noah was found to be righteous in God's sight.

Additional Commentary:

Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament: - Genesis 6:1-8:

Verse 5-8. Now when the wickedness of man became great, and "every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil the whole day," i.e., continually and altogether evil, it repented God that He had made man, and He determined to destroy them. This determination and the motive assigned are also irreconcilable with the angel-theory. "Had the godless race, which God destroyed by the flood, sprung either entirely or in part from the marriage of angels to the daughters of men, it would no longer have been the race first created by God in Adam, but a grotesque product of the Adamitic factor created by God, and an entirely foreign and angelic factor" (Phil.).

(Note: When, on the other hand, the supporters of the angel marriages maintain that it is only on this interpretation that the necessity for the flood, i.e., for the complete destruction of the whole human race with the exception of righteous Noah, can be understood, not only is there no scriptural foundation for this argument, but it is decidedly at variance with those statements of the Scriptures, which speak of the corruption of the men whom God had created, and not of a race that had arisen through an unnatural connection of angels and men and forced their way into God's creation. If it were really the case, that it would otherwise be impossible to understand where the necessity could lie, for all the rest of the human race to be destroyed and a new beginning to be made, whereas afterwards, when Abraham was chosen, the rest of the human race was not only spared, but preserved for subsequent participation in the blessings of salvation: we should only need to call Job to mind, who also could not comprehend the necessity for the fearful sufferings which overwhelmed him, and was unable to discover the justice of God, but who was afterwards taught a better lesson by God Himself, and reproved for his rash conclusions, as a sufficient proof of the deceptive and futile character of all such human reasoning.

"Fallen angels marrying the daughters of men" is an incorrect interpretation of scriptures.